Population measures provide insight on the changing size and face of communities, and an area's needs and assets.
In this section, we highlight the trends for 4 demographic indicators: 1) total population; 2) age; 3) race and ethnicity; and 4) household type.
In all cases, comparisons to state statistics reflect the state excluding New York City.
The population in Dutchess County has grown, with elderly, Hispanic and Asian populations growing at the fastest rate. Married couples without children are the most common household type, similar to the region and the state.
The total population in Dutchess County has grown.
Counter to the population declines experienced in Western and Central New York, Dutchess County gained residents since 2000. Dutchess grew by 6%, compared to 11% in Orange and 1.4% in Ulster. The county’s increase was higher than the state’s (3%), but below the nation’s (14%).
The population over the age of 60 has been growing the fastest, while the population under 40 has been shrinking.
Dutchess County is experiencing the "graying" phenomenon affecting much of the country. The 85 and over group was the fastest growing since 2000, increasing by 58%, higher than neighboring Ulster (53%) and 10 points higher than the growth in the region (48%).
The under 20 age group declined slightly in the county. Dutchess and Ulster both lost population in this age group, 13% and 18% respectively, while Orange remained steady. This trend continued somewhat for the 20 to 39 age group, with Dutchess and Ulster losing 6% and 8% while Orange increased 0.4%.
Despite growing more racially and ethnically diverse, Dutchess remained overwhelmingly white.
The population of Hispanics in Dutchess grew by 94% since 2000, similar to the region (86%) and Orange (88%), but a faster rate than Ulster (66%). The second greatest growth was in the Asian population which grew by 66% in Dutchess, similar to Ulster (67%), yet much less than Orange (98%). Despite the large percentage increases in minority populations, and low growth in the white population (0.2%), Dutchess’ white population made up 82% of the total.
Married couples without children were the most common household type, similar to regional and state trends.
The composition of households remained nearly the same between 2000 and 2011-15. Married couples without children was the most common household type in the county at 30%, followed by married couples with children and living alone, at 22% and 27%.