Children Living in Poverty
What does this measure?
The number of children under 18 living below the federally defined poverty line, expressed as a percentage of all children under 18. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2014, the threshold for a four-person family was $24,008.
Why is this important?
Children raised in impoverished environments are at higher risk for a wide variety of health and social problems, including poor performance in school. The challenges they face in childhood can diminish their chances for successful adult lives.
How is Orange County performing?
In 2010-14, 20% of children in Orange County lived in poverty, an increase of 1 percentage point from 2005-09 and a total increase of 5 points from 2000 to 2010-14. While below the national rate of 22% in 2010-14, Orange's rate was 3 points higher than the state (17%), double the rate in Dutchess (10%), and 7 points higher than Ulster (13%). Orange was the only county in the region in which the child poverty rate increased both from 2000 to 2005-09 and from 2005-09 to 2010-14. Rates in 2010-14 were especially high in Orange's cities - 45% in Newburgh and 32% in Middletown - while the municipality with the highest rate was the Village of Kyrias Joel at 58%.
Notes about the data
The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval).
The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.