Population measures provide insight on the changing size and face of communities, and an area's needs and assets.
In this section, we highlight the trends for 4 demographic indicators: 1) total population; 2) age; 3) race and ethnicity; and 4) household type.
In all cases, comparisons to state statistics reflect the state excluding New York City.
The population in Orange County has grown at the fastest rate in the region. Population growth occurred across nearly all age ranges, including young people under 20. The race and ethnic composition has become more diverse and just over 56% of households are married couples both with and without children.
The total population in Orange County has grown.
Counter to the population declines experienced in Western and Central New York, Orange County gained 10% in population since 2000. While all counties in the region grew in population, Orange experienced the greatest growth, compared to 6% in Dutchess and 2% in Ulster. Orange’s growth also surpassed the rates for the state (3%) but was lower than the nation (13%).
The population between the ages of 20 and 39 was the only group in Orange to experience a decline since 2000.
Orange County is the only county in the region to experience a population increase in the under 20 age group. Unlike its neighboring counties, the 60 to 84 age group was the fastest growing in the county since 2000, increasing by 46%. The 85 and over group had the second greatest increase in Orange (33%), much less than Ulster (50%) and Dutchess (53%).
While Dutchess and Ulster both lost population in the under 20 age group (decreases of 11% and 17%), Orange increased by 0.5%. This trend continued somewhat for the 20 to 39 age group: Dutchess and Ulster lost 7% and 8%, while Orange fell by only 1%.
Orange County has gradually become more diverse in terms of race and ethnicity, although it remains overwhelmingly white.
The Asian population grew the most in the county, increasing by 93% since 2000, much greater than the growth in Dutchess (61%) and Ulster (59%). The population of Hispanics in the county grew 84%, while Dutchess grew by 90% and Ulster by 61%. Despite the increases in minority populations, Orange’s white population makes up 82% of the total, with Hispanics as the largest minority group at 19%.
Married couples with children are the most common household type in Orange County, counter to regional, state and national trends.
In 2010-14, married couples with children (28%) made up the greatest proportion of households in the county followed by married couples without children (27%). For the region, at the state and national level, married without children and living alone were the most common household types.