Healthy communities are built on a foundation of healthy children, youth and adults.
In this section, we highlight the trends several indicators: 1) individuals without health insurance; 2) early prenatal care; 3) low birth rate and; 4) infant mortality.
In all cases, comparisons to state statistics reflect the state excluding New York City.
About 8% of Orange residents lacked health insurance in 2014. The proportion of babies with low birth weights increased slightly from 2000-14, and infant mortality rates fluctuated and on average were similar to the state. The rates of people living with HIV and AIDS in Orange both increased over the decade, while the rate of mental health clinic visits stayed relatively flat during the same time period.
In 2014, 8% of Orange County residents under age 65 lacked health insurance, on par with Dutchess and the state but below the14% nationally. Orange County’s rate of uninsured was on par for the region and below Ulster (9%) county.
Orange County had somewhat lower rates of early prenatal care among some racial and ethnic groups than other counties in the region. In 2014, 77% of white mothers in Orange County reported receiving early prenatal care, compared to 66% of African American mothers and 73% of Hispanic mothers. Orange had lower rates than the state for most racial and ethnic groups.
The rate of low birth weight babies has fluctuated between 6.0% and 7.7% in Orange County since 2000, while the state’s rates have remained fairly stable. In 2014, 6.9% of babies born in Orange had low birth weights, below the 7.7% for the state. Orange’s rate was below both Dutchess and Ulster (8.6% and 7.9% respectively).
Orange County’s infant mortality rate has fluctuated since 2000, surpassing the rates for the region and state in some years. In 2014, the infant mortality rate for Orange County was 5.8 per 1,000 live births, compared to 5.4 in the region and 5.1 statewide. Since 2000, infant mortality in Orange has averaged 5.6, similar to the state’s average of 5.7.
The rate of people living with HIV has increased since 2002 in Orange, reaching 92 people per 100,000 residents in 2014. This is higher than the region (87) and state (82) rates. The rate has increased by 1% in Orange since 2002, in contrast to the 15% decline in the region.
Orange County had the highest growth rate for people living with AIDS in the region. In 2014, 128 people per 100,000 were living with AIDS in Orange, a 23% increase from 2002, the highest rate of increase in the region.
Orange County’s rate of mental health clinic visits was flat over the decade, and remained the lowest in the region. There were 3.8 mental health clinic visits per 1,000 residents in Orange in 2013, lower than the rates for Dutchess (6.4), and Ulster (4.3). Orange consistently had the lowest rate since 2001.