Children Living in Poverty
What does this measure?
The estimated number of children under 18 living below the federally defined poverty line, expressed as a percentage of all children under 18. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2015, the threshold for a four-person family was $24,036.
Why is this important?
Children raised in impoverished environments are at higher risk for a wide variety of health and social problems, including poor performance in school. The challenges they face in childhood can diminish their chances for successful adult lives.
How is the region performing?
The estimated proportion of children living in poverty increased for Dutchess and Orange counties from 2000 to 2011-15, similar to the state (excluding NYC) and national trends. The rate in Ulster is equal to their rate in 2000. In 2011-15, 17% of children in the region lived in poverty, up 4 points from 2000 and 2 points from 2006-10. The 2011-15 rate was 5 points lower than both the state (excluding NYC) and national rate, both at 22%.
Dutchess County's rate of 12% - the lowest in the region - has risen from 9% in 2000. The rate in Ulster decreased 1 point from 2006-10 to 2011-15, reversing the 1 point increase from 2000 to 2006-10. Orange consistently had the highest rate of child poverty in the region, with 20% of the County's children living in poverty in 2011-15, an increase of 3 points from 2006-10 for a 5-point total increase from 2000.
Among cities, towns and villages in the region, child poverty was highest in Poughkeepsie (35%), Monroe (45%), Newburgh (47%), and Kiryas Joel (58%).
Notes about the data
The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval).
The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.