Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
What does this measure?
The estimated number of children under 18 living below the federally defined poverty line, expressed as a percentage of all children under 18 and reported by various racial and ethnic groups. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2014, the threshold for a four-person family was $24,008.
Why is this important?
Children raised in impoverished environments are at higher risk for a wide variety of health and social problems, including poor performance in school. The challenges they face in childhood can diminish their chances for successful adult lives.
How is the region performing?
In 2010-14, poverty was highest among African American (27%) and Hispanic (19%) children in the region. The poverty rate has remained the same for African American children since 2000, while the rate for Hispanic children has decreased 4 points over that period. A lower proportion of white children than African American and Hispanic children lived in poverty in 2010-14, at 13%. This was a 3 point increase from 2000.
Among the individual counties of the region, Orange had the highest poverty rate among African American children (30%), Ulster had the highest among Hispanic children (22%), and Orange had the highest among white children (18%) for 2010-14.
Among cities, towns and villages, estimated poverty levels were particularly high in Monroe and Kiryas Joel among white children (46% and 58% respectively), and in Newburgh and Poughkeepsie among African American children (65% and 41% respectively). The child populations in most other local areas, when broken down by race and ethnicity, were too small to yield reliable survey results.
Notes about the data
The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval).
The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.