People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
What does this measure?
The estimated proportion of people in various racial and ethnic groups with incomes below the poverty line. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2015, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $24,036.
Why is this important?
The percentage of people in poverty in various race and ethnic groups is a measure of the overall economic health of these groups. It also indicates the level of need for social and government supports.
How is the region performing?
In 2011-15, poverty rates in the Mid-Hudson Valley were highest among African American residents, at 20%, followed by Hispanic residents (17%), white residents (10%), and Asian residents (9%). The differences between the groups were similar to those at the statewide (excluding NYC) and national levels, though the poverty rates among both African American residents and Asian residents were each 4 points lower than the state. Poverty rates for both African American residents and Hispanic residents were each 7 points lower than the nation. From 2000 through 2011-15, poverty rates remained similar for each group, with a slight increase among white residents over that timeframe.
In local areas, estimated rates of poverty were especially high among African American residents in the cities of Poughkeepsie (31%) and Newburgh (47%). The populations in most other local areas, when broken down by race and ethnicity, were too small to yield reliable survey results.
Notes about the data
The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). For some small areas, Census did not have enough data to report results at all and N/A is shown in the data table.
The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.