What does this measure?
The number of homeless people at a given point in time (usually one night in January), per 10,000 residents.
Why is this important?
The extent of homelessness can be an indicator of a community's ability to provide stable jobs that pay a living wage as well as a measure of support for the unemployed and access to affordable housing and health care. Homelessness is related to larger issues such as poverty, employment, mental health, substance abuse and family violence. The way a community cares for its more vulnerable citizens is a marker of collaboration and its social support systems.
How is the region performing?
In 2014, the Mid-Hudson Valley region's point-in-time count reported 13.7 homeless people per 10,000 residents, down from a high of 16.7 in 2010. Since 2005, the region's rate ranged between 12.9 to 16.7, ending 6% higher in 2014. The regional rate was consistently higher than the state (excluding NYC) rate over the same time period, and below the national rate. In 2014, the state (excluding NYC) rate was 11.4 and the national rate was 18.0.
Notes about the data
Data is unavailable for all counties. It is very difficult to obtain an exact count of homeless persons, due to transience and to limited resources for record-keeping. Comparable data presented for available counties are currently limited to point-in-time counts done on one night in January.