Population measures provide insight on the changing size and face of communities, and an area's needs and assets.
In this section, we highlight the trends for 4 demographic indicators: 1) total population; 2) age; 3) race and ethnicity; and 4) household type.
In all cases, comparisons to state statistics reflect the state excluding New York City.
The population in Ulster County has grown more slowly than in neighboring counties. The elderly, Asian and Hispanic segments of the population have grown the fastest. People living alone and married couples without children were the most common household types.
The total population in Ulster County is growing.
Counter to the population declines experienced in Western and Central New York, Ulster County gained 2% in population since 2000. That compared to 10% in Orange and 6% in Dutchess. Ulster’s growth was equal to the state (3%), yet below the nation (13%).
The population over the age of 60 has been growing the fastest, while the population under 40 has been shrinking.
Ulster has experienced the "graying" phenomenon affecting much of the country. The 85 and over group was the fastest growing since 2000, increasing 48%, above the growth in the region (43%) but lower than neighboring Dutchess (51%).
The under 20 age group declined in the county. Ulster and Dutchess both lost population in this age group, by 17% and 11% respectively, while Orange increased by 0.5%. This trend more or less continued for the 20 to 39 age group, where Ulster and Dutchess lost 8% and 7% respectively, and Orange fell by only 1%.
While Ulster has grown more racially and ethnically diverse, it remained overwhelmingly white.
The population of Hispanics in the county grew 61% since 2000, slower growth than the region (82%), Orange (84%) and Dutchess (90%). The second greatest growth was in the Asian population which grew by 59% in Ulster, less than the growth in Dutchess (61%) and Orange (93%). Despite the increases in minority populations and a slight decrease in the white population, Ulster’s white population made up 88% of the total.
Ulster was the only county in the region for which people living alone was the most common household type.
In 2010-14, people living alone (30%) and married couples without children (29%) were the two most common household types in the county, similar to state and national trends. In the region, Ulster had the lowest rate of households that were married with children (18%) compared to Dutchess (23%) and Orange (28%).