Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background
What does this measure?
The percent of students tested who scored at level 3 or above-meeting or exceeding the state standard-on the state Grade 4 English exam, broken down by students' economic background. The test is scored by placing a student's performance in one of four levels.
Why is this important?
Early reading skills are critical to a successful school experience and a productive work life.
How is Ulster County performing?
In 2016, 18% of low-income students passed the exam, compared to 45% of other fourth-graders. Ulster was below Dutchess (21%), Orange and the state (excluding NYC) rate (both 22%) for the passing rate of low-income students. Within Ulster, Marlboro had the highest passing rate, 36%, and Kingston had the lowest, 12%, among low-income students.
It should be noted that a substantial number of students did not take state exams in 2016 due to parent concerns about testing in schools. The large percentage of students not taking the exam may have an effect on overall achievement levels and should give caution when interpreting results. The opt out rate was 37% in Ulster and 32% for both Dutchess and Orange.
Notes about the data
Changes in the state's testing program over the last decade impact the comparability of test results year to year. In addition to the shift to Common Core Standards in 2013, the state in 2010 revised scoring of its tests, raising the threshold for passing. The Common Core was adopted in most states to better prepare students for success beyond high school by emphasizing problem solving, understanding and synthesis, comprehension of nonfiction text, and other higher-order thinking skills.
Students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch are considered low-income. Test results for small groups of students were not disclosed to protect student privacy. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the third quarter.