Children and Youth
Children Living in Poverty

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Children Living in Poverty

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What does this measure?

The estimated number of children under 18 living below the federally defined poverty line, expressed as a percentage of all children under 18. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2017, the threshold for a four-person family was $24,858.

Why is this important?

Children raised in impoverished environments are at higher risk for a wide variety of health and social problems, including poor performance in school. The challenges they face in childhood can diminish their chances for successful adult lives.

How is the region performing?

The estimated proportion of children living in poverty increased in the region from 2000 to 2013-17, similar to the state (excluding NYC) and national trends. In 2013-17, 16% of children in the region lived in poverty, up 3 points from 2000 but similar to the rate in 2008-12. The 2013-17 rate was equal to the state (excluding NYC) and below the national rate of 20%.

Within the region, Sullivan County had the highest percentage of children living in poverty (23%). Dutchess had among the lowest rates (12%). Since 2000, Orange County had the largest increase in its child poverty rate (5 percentage points). Rates also increased since 2000 in Columbia and Dutchess (3 percentage points each) and Ulster (2 percentage points), but were essentially flat in Greene and Sullivan.

Among cities, towns and villages in the region for which reliable data was available, child poverty was highest in 2013-17 in Kiryas Joel (49%), Newburgh (45%), Monroe (38%), Poughkeepsie (33%) and Kingston (29%).

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval).

The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

Children Living in Poverty
20002008-122013-17
Region13%15%16%
Columbia County12%14%15%
Dutchess County9%11%12%
Greene County16%19%17%
Orange County15%18%20%
Putnam County5%5%*4%*
Sullivan County23%23%23%
Ulster County14%15%16%
NYS (excluding NYC)13%15%16%
U.S.17%21%20%
Columbia Cities
Hudson38%37%*19%***
Columbia Towns
Ancram5%34%***36%***
Austerlitz7%13%***27%***
Canaan6%6%***13%***
Chatham7%9%***11%***
Claverack7%5%***21%***
Clermont9%15%***17%***
Copake12%15%***6%***
Gallatin4%0%***15%***
Germantown11%3%***6%***
Ghent4%3%***24%***
Greenport13%22%***20%***
Hillsdale9%20%***9%***
Kinderhook6%4%***8%***
Livingston4%12%***6%***
New Lebanon17%22%***10%***
Stockport22%18%***8%***
Stuyvesant6%2%***24%***
Taghkanic15%32%***22%***
Columbia Villages
Chatham9%15%***10%***
Kinderhook3%9%***0%***
Philmont16%20%***37%***
Valatie14%8%***17%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon17%20%*13%**
Poughkeepsie32%38%33%
Dutchess Towns
Amenia3%17%***11%***
Beekman5%3%***6%**
Clinton3%4%***3%***
Dover11%8%***24%**
East Fishkill3%6%**5%**
Fishkill6%5%***16%*
Hyde Park6%9%**12%**
La Grange4%7%***1%***
Milan5%0%***4%***
North East20%6%***6%***
Pawling1%3%***8%**
Pine Plains15%5%***18%***
Pleasant Valley7%11%***5%***
Poughkeepsie6%10%*11%*
Red Hook8%5%***3%***
Rhinebeck8%5%***10%***
Stanford3%16%***7%***
Union Vale2%2%***4%***
Wappinger5%4%***8%**
Washington11%11%***21%**
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill9%0%***24%***
Millbrook5%20%***22%***
Millerton25%22%***24%***
Pawling4%3%***4%***
Red Hook8%9%***6%***
Rhinebeck11%12%***28%***
Tivoli13%15%***0%***
Wappingers Falls15%15%***17%***
Greene Towns
Ashland29%3%***25%***
Athens12%17%***9%***
Cairo11%46%**8%***
Catskill22%23%**17%**
Coxsackie16%12%***15%**
Durham9%19%***38%**
Greenville15%10%***27%***
Halcott45%0%***0%***
Hunter24%21%***16%***
Jewett22%15%***0%***
Lexington16%38%***45%***
New Baltimore10%1%***6%***
Prattsville16%20%***45%***
Windham6%3%***20%***
Greene Villages
Athens12%1%***15%***
Catskill30%32%**33%***
Coxsackie14%9%***15%***
Hunter22%30%***0%***
Tannersville29%2%***13%***
Orange Cities
Middletown26%26%27%*
Newburgh36%37%45%
Port Jervis26%24%**30%*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove5%6%***6%**
Chester5%2%***4%***
Cornwall8%6%**5%***
Crawford4%4%***10%***
Deerpark11%15%***21%**
Goshen3%5%***6%***
Greenville5%6%***3%***
Hamptonburgh5%1%***6%***
Highlands5%10%**2%***
Minisink7%0%***7%***
Monroe40%46%38%
Montgomery10%6%**9%**
Mount Hope8%11%***25%***
New Windsor6%4%***4%**
Newburgh3%10%**12%*
Tuxedo2%1%***2%***
Wallkill12%6%**15%*
Warwick4%6%**5%***
Wawayanda2%4%***12%***
Woodbury4%9%**15%**
Orange Villages
Chester8%5%***10%***
Cornwall-on-Hudson3%19%***2%***
Florida8%6%***4%***
Goshen1%2%***12%***
Greenwood Lake8%4%***0%***
Harriman2%0%***16%***
Highland Falls6%15%***6%***
Kiryas Joel64%61%49%
Maybrook8%9%***9%***
Monroe4%20%**3%***
Montgomery9%0%***7%***
Otisville11%17%***14%***
South Blooming Grove6%***11%***
Tuxedo Park3%7%***5%***
Unionville6%0%***0%***
Walden13%15%***15%***
Warwick4%10%***3%***
Washingtonville3%6%***4%***
Woodbury9%**15%**
Putnam Towns
Carmel1%5%**2%***
Kent5%6%***7%**
Patterson6%3%***10%***
Philipstown5%4%***3%***
Putnam Valley7%7%***1%***
Southeast9%6%***4%***
Putnam Villages
Brewster14%20%***11%***
Cold Spring7%9%***7%***
Nelsonville6%0%***0%***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel24%25%***24%***
Callicoon11%30%***0%***
Cochecton10%40%***23%***
Delaware29%30%***8%***
Fallsburg31%28%51%*
Forestburgh4%12%***5%***
Fremont22%5%***0%***
Highland23%25%***15%***
Liberty20%22%*17%***
Lumberland16%29%**12%***
Mamakating10%7%**9%**
Neversink14%10%***8%***
Rockland23%27%***36%***
Thompson35%34%*28%*
Tusten9%9%***31%***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg18%19%***52%***
Jeffersonville0%55%***5%***
Liberty14%17%***22%***
Monticello50%47%*31%**
Woodridge42%13%***33%***
Wurtsboro12%29%***19%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston24%28%29%
Ulster Towns
Denning16%9%***5%***
Esopus11%4%***11%***
Gardiner9%17%***0%***
Hardenburgh3%0%***46%***
Hurley8%2%***25%***
Kingston12%3%***23%***
Lloyd9%11%**13%***
Marbletown7%3%***13%***
Marlborough10%16%*7%***
New Paltz9%8%**6%***
Olive5%20%***8%***
Plattekill13%16%**12%***
Rochester17%16%***11%***
Rosendale20%4%***4%***
Saugerties11%12%**16%*
Shandaken14%6%***21%***
Shawangunk8%7%***10%***
Ulster11%15%**23%*
Wawarsing25%33%*23%**
Woodstock15%4%***29%***
Ulster Villages
Ellenville32%32%*24%***
New Paltz19%4%***8%***
Saugerties18%35%***9%***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of Children Living in Poverty
20002008-122013-17
Region35,24639,42038,466
Columbia County1,7711,6811,605
Dutchess County6,2967,1996,751
Greene County1,7281,7561,346
Orange County14,71018,13019,134
Putnam County1,1641,232*827*
Sullivan County4,0803,9683,724
Ulster County5,4975,4545,079
NYS (excluding NYC)343,954386,509387,709
U.S.11,711,49115,188,84414,710,485
Columbia Cities
Hudson671586*216***
Columbia Towns
Ancram1781***66***
Austerlitz2132***73***
Canaan1918***36***
Chatham6661***85***
Claverack10147***195***
Clermont4868***77***
Copake8391***39***
Gallatin140***50***
Germantown4915***21***
Ghent5036***190***
Greenport116161***128***
Hillsdale3483***27***
Kinderhook12273***140***
Livingston2878***32***
New Lebanon96110***35***
Stockport17280***40***
Stuyvesant3110***130***
Taghkanic3351***25***
Columbia Villages
Chatham4154***22***
Kinderhook728***0***
Philmont6147***116***
Valatie6631***57***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon631638*356**
Poughkeepsie2,3802,8772,083
Dutchess Towns
Amenia30181***77***
Beekman190108***181**
Clinton2840***24***
Dover257141***419**
East Fishkill237469**354**
Fishkill228223***634*
Hyde Park300328**433**
La Grange185268***44***
Milan330***18***
North East13840***30***
Pawling2762***137**
Pine Plains9520***77***
Pleasant Valley168224***93***
Poughkeepsie561877*936*
Red Hook209122***61***
Rhinebeck11668***123***
Stanford28114***37***
Union Vale2227***38***
Wappinger305269***413**
Washington128103***183**
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill210***98***
Millbrook1366***57***
Millerton6440***30***
Pawling2416***16***
Red Hook3233***24***
Rhinebeck5968***101***
Tivoli3532***0***
Wappingers Falls172144***154***
Greene Towns
Ashland524***29***
Athens107135***55***
Cairo159507**88***
Catskill602521**388**
Coxsackie246169***200**
Durham51127***211**
Greenville12169***204***
Halcott210***0***
Hunter173103***52***
Jewett4721***0***
Lexington2558***32***
New Baltimore769***25***
Prattsville2626***36***
Windham227***26***
Greene Villages
Athens492***29***
Catskill330288**249***
Coxsackie10664***80***
Hunter3419***0***
Tannersville362***28***
Orange Cities
Middletown1,8021,8661,785*
Newburgh3,2663,2244,155
Port Jervis628584**702*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove230270***241**
Chester16250***110***
Cornwall260198**141***
Crawford84111***216***
Deerpark240238***314**
Goshen93153***171***
Greenville6071***27***
Hamptonburgh639***77***
Highlands128237**59***
Minisink730***81***
Monroe5,0928,3717,346
Montgomery585364**462**
Mount Hope105153***290***
New Windsor360254***234**
Newburgh216743**791*
Tuxedo139***11***
Wallkill748402**880*
Warwick354479**348***
Wawayanda3766***202***
Woodbury111278**491**
Orange Villages
Chester6843***65***
Cornwall-on-Hudson26144***18***
Florida5631***25***
Goshen930***149***
Greenwood Lake6530***0***
Harriman110***119***
Highland Falls49147***40***
Kiryas Joel4,7777,8556,773
Maybrook7868***46***
Monroe94494**75***
Montgomery980***73***
Otisville3248***37***
South Blooming Grove47***71***
Tuxedo Park49***6***
Unionville90***0***
Walden250285***266***
Warwick56139***43***
Washingtonville5272***57***
Woodbury278**448**
Putnam Towns
Carmel124444**151***
Kent179165***187**
Patterson16879***238***
Philipstown11492***51***
Putnam Valley188193***26***
Southeast391259***174***
Putnam Villages
Brewster62114***51***
Cold Spring2724***24***
Nelsonville100***0***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel204160***145***
Callicoon77163***2***
Cochecton3280***69***
Delaware225114***36***
Fallsburg8439021,382*
Forestburgh817***9***
Fremont7810***0***
Highland119103***62***
Liberty459472*316***
Lumberland80218**68***
Mamakating298196**224**
Neversink14287***72***
Rockland227193***307***
Thompson1,2611,231*980*
Tusten2722***52***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg1118***43***
Jeffersonville024***2***
Liberty127155***197***
Monticello871728*546**
Woodridge9821***84***
Wurtsboro4357***38***
Ulster Cities
Kingston1,2751,5271,408
Ulster Towns
Denning1915***5***
Esopus22674***134***
Gardiner120187***0***
Hardenburgh10***19***
Hurley11426***229***
Kingston236***35***
Lloyd198269**286***
Marbletown10127***125***
Marlborough224341*117***
New Paltz190150**118***
Olive51144***55***
Plattekill354386**206***
Rochester336281***117***
Rosendale28250***30***
Saugerties486474**625*
Shandaken9217***54***
Shawangunk208186***238***
Ulster322356**486*
Wawarsing717902*543**
Woodstock15836***249***
Ulster Villages
Ellenville399408*254***
New Paltz8214***45***
Saugerties169225***69***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Maintaining
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Decreasing
Population by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Household Types Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Plans of High School Graduates Increasing
Education Levels of Adults Increasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Seniors Living in Poverty Decreasing
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Maintaining
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Increasing
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Maintaining
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Increasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Decreasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Violent Crimes Decreasing


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