Education
Prekindergarten Participation

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Prekindergarten Participation

What does this measure?

The number of children, age four or otherwise eligible for kindergarten in the following school year, enrolled in publicly funded prekindergarten programs, expressed as a percentage of all 4-year-olds.

Why is this important?

Early emphasis on reading and social skills prepares children to succeed later in their education.

How is the region performing?

In 2022, 34% of the Mid-Hudson Valley region's 4-year-olds were enrolled in publicly funded prekindergarten programs, up 8 percentage points from 2011, and 5 percentage points higher than the 29% rate for the state (excluding NYC). Participation in 2022 was highest in Greene County, with 48% of 4-year-olds enrolled, followed by Orange with 40% and Sullivan with 37%. In recent years, no Putnam County districts have participated in the state's preK program.

Among local school districts that participate in publicly funded preK (some do not), participation ranged from 9% of 4-year-olds in the Goshen Central district to 100% in the Hunter-Tannersville district.

Notes about the data

Due to changes in the source of the data, results from 2017 onward may differ slightly from previous years. Prekindergarten enrollment through 2016 is as reported in New York State Education Department's (NYSED) School Report Card database. Enrollment for 2017 and onwards is provided by the NYSED's Office of Early Learning. Figures reflect children in free prekindergarten programs provided by school districts or community organizations; they do not include children attending private preschool or federally funded Head Start. In 1997, New York State enacted a law providing public support for prekindergarten, effective 1998.

Prekindergarten Participation
2012201420152016201720182019202020212022
Region27%25%27%29%28%29%27%28%24%34%
Columbia21%27%30%32%24%32%27%20%27%36%
Dutchess13%11%14%18%17%17%11%16%14%34%
Greene39%33%33%30%36%33%30%26%22%48%
Orange37%35%39%39%39%39%37%37%30%40%
Putnam0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Sullivan43%40%39%39%37%37%36%38%30%37%
Ulster24%24%22%27%26%30%32%35%27%31%
NYS (excluding NYC)37%36%37%38%25%25%25%27%22%29%
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central school district, Columbia County0%0%13%12%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Germantown Central school district, Columbia County0%0%65%71%71%72%51%86%81%73%
Hudson City school district, Columbia County25%31%30%29%29%46%33%19%26%33%
Kinderhook Central school district, Columbia County0%22%25%25%0%32%34%0%16%27%
New Lebanon Central school district, Columbia County78%0%0%38%0%0%0%0%0%72%
Taconic Hills Central school district, Columbia County45%66%45%46%46%38%37%38%47%56%
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central school district, Dutchess County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%36%
Beacon City school district, Dutchess County46%48%46%52%44%45%42%44%45%40%
Dover Union Free school district, Dutchess County31%31%33%27%31%29%31%26%25%51%
Hyde Park Central school district, Dutchess County0%0%32%55%62%64%0%62%60%62%
Millbrook Central school district, Dutchess County7%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%50%
Northeast Central school district, Dutchess County48%48%55%45%51%54%43%42%33%29%
Pawling Central school district, Dutchess County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%24%
Pine Plains Central school district, Dutchess County0%0%0%48%0%0%0%0%0%61%
Poughkeepsie City school district, Dutchess County36%32%33%35%34%35%34%33%24%33%
Red Hook Central school district, Dutchess County29%0%0%10%0%0%0%0%0%24%
Rhinebeck Central school district, Dutchess County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Spackenkill Union Free school district, Dutchess County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Wappingers Central school district, Dutchess County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%27%
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central school district, Greene County41%33%38%36%42%35%36%33%29%69%
Catskill Central school district, Greene County51%45%43%39%45%42%31%21%18%38%
Coxsackie-Athens Central school district, Greene County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%45%
Greenville Central school district, Greene County46%37%42%34%46%32%44%37%32%38%
Hunter-Tannersville Central school district, Greene County100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central school district, Greene County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free school district, Orange County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%21%
Cornwall Central school district, Orange County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Florida Union Free school district, Orange County0%0%25%26%27%26%25%26%22%24%
Goshen Central school district, Orange County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%9%
Greenwood Lake Union Free school district, Orange County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Highland Falls Central school district, Orange County0%0%0%35%0%0%0%0%0%15%
Kiryas Joel Village Union Free school district, Orange County64%60%66%62%62%61%56%59%56%57%
Middletown City school district, Orange County56%49%49%47%50%47%45%47%41%53%
Minisink Valley Central school district, Orange County34%35%36%35%36%36%34%35%33%34%
Monroe-Woodbury Central school district, Orange County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%14%
Newburgh City school district, Orange County77%70%75%77%79%79%75%75%59%67%
Pine Bush Central school district, Orange County28%29%30%29%28%39%35%36%27%48%
Port Jervis City school district, Orange County18%18%18%21%21%24%19%17%14%15%
Tuxedo Union Free school district, Orange County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Valley Central school district, Orange County26%28%46%46%47%47%44%45%40%42%
Warwick Valley Central school district, Orange County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%29%
Washingtonville Central school district, Orange County43%50%53%45%51%39%48%39%0%34%
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central school district, Putnam County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Carmel Central school district, Putnam County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Garrison Union Free school district, Putnam County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Haldane Central school district, Putnam County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Mahopac Central school district, Putnam County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Putnam Valley Central school district, Putnam County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central school district, Sullivan County34%51%37%66%49%40%27%32%41%47%
Fallsburg Central school district, Sullivan County33%25%29%24%24%25%25%21%21%30%
Liberty Central school district, Sullivan County62%65%48%59%56%61%78%55%42%57%
Livingston Manor Central school district, Sullivan County85%58%73%66%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Monticello Central school district, Sullivan County35%36%40%36%44%47%40%57%40%42%
Sullivan West Central school district, Sullivan County17%18%18%34%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Tri-Valley Central school district, Sullivan County100%80%77%56%78%72%57%72%48%80%
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central school district, Ulster County42%45%39%52%42%40%52%40%0%0%
Highland Central school district, Ulster County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Kingston City school district, Ulster County49%51%43%53%51%52%54%60%52%58%
Marlboro Central school district, Ulster County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%29%
New Paltz Central school district, Ulster County11%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Onteora Central school district, Ulster County32%26%46%39%45%42%49%44%47%40%
Rondout Valley Central school district, Ulster County42%40%43%55%55%77%48%73%45%43%
Saugerties Central school district, Ulster County0%0%0%0%0%17%38%39%37%36%
Wallkill Central school district, Ulster County0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures reflect percentage of 4-year-olds in free prekindergarten programs provided by school districts or community organizations. NYS did not provide comparable data for 2013.




Number of Students in Prekindergarten
2012201420152016201720182019202020212022
Region3,5063,1783,3923,5943,4513,5293,3543,4842,9664,336
Columbia125145170183132161140102135169
Dutchess400340405510466462307447395929
Greene16214714813314414512310091203
Orange1,9831,8071,9511,9881,9471,9521,9541,9241,6382,214
Putnam0000000000
Sullivan390344332346341318326349280339
Ulster446395386434421491504562427482
NYS (excluding NYC)48,58645,62847,03448,12548,18047,79448,77751,74341,12252,998
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central school district, Columbia County001211000000
Germantown Central school district, Columbia County003033322921353328
Hudson City school district, Columbia County42474846466447273744
Kinderhook Central school district, Columbia County02226260293201523
New Lebanon Central school district, Columbia County2600120000019
Taconic Hills Central school district, Columbia County57765455543940405055
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central school district, Dutchess County000000000175
Beacon City school district, Dutchess County12713011713111110910611111096
Dover Union Free school district, Dutchess County35353528322932272551
Hyde Park Central school district, Dutchess County00771301481470147140142
Millbrook Central school district, Dutchess County40000000025
Northeast Central school district, Dutchess County34333629333428272118
Pawling Central school district, Dutchess County00000000020
Pine Plains Central school district, Dutchess County000370000045
Poughkeepsie City school district, Dutchess County16214214014314214314113599133
Red Hook Central school district, Dutchess County3800120000028
Rhinebeck Central school district, Dutchess County0000000000
Spackenkill Union Free school district, Dutchess County0000000000
Wappingers Central school district, Dutchess County000000000196
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central school district, Greene County32283230322928242256
Catskill Central school district, Greene County66626053565740252351
Coxsackie-Athens Central school district, Greene County00000000040
Greenville Central school district, Greene County38333730372836292633
Hunter-Tannersville Central school district, Greene County26241920193119222023
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central school district, Greene County0000000000
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free school district, Orange County00000000019
Cornwall Central school district, Orange County0000000000
Florida Union Free school district, Orange County001718181818181618
Goshen Central school district, Orange County00000000019
Greenwood Lake Union Free school district, Orange County0000000000
Highland Falls Central school district, Orange County000420000020
Kiryas Joel Village Union Free school district, Orange County521466508486475470457466469482
Middletown City school district, Orange County320269261260267255257260241311
Minisink Valley Central school district, Orange County104104104103104104104104105107
Monroe-Woodbury Central school district, Orange County00000000073
Newburgh City school district, Orange County677592620651652653652641528609
Pine Bush Central school district, Orange County108106108107100144135136108192
Port Jervis City school district, Orange County40383846445042373235
Tuxedo Union Free school district, Orange County0000000000
Valley Central school district, Orange County8690147148147148147149139145
Warwick Valley Central school district, Orange County00000000079
Washingtonville Central school district, Orange County1271421481271401101421130105
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central school district, Putnam County0000000000
Carmel Central school district, Putnam County0000000000
Garrison Union Free school district, Putnam County0000000000
Haldane Central school district, Putnam County0000000000
Mahopac Central school district, Putnam County0000000000
Putnam Valley Central school district, Putnam County0000000000
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central school district, Sullivan County19271936282115182426
Fallsburg Central school district, Sullivan County52374236383638333346
Liberty Central school district, Sullivan County807957757474101725674
Livingston Manor Central school district, Sullivan County25162019000000
Monticello Central school district, Sullivan County10097108102129129114164119120
Sullivan West Central school district, Sullivan County15151530000000
Tri-Valley Central school district, Sullivan County88545139574941523657
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central school district, Ulster County535246574745574500
Highland Central school district, Ulster County0000000000
Kingston City school district, Ulster County274257227260252259263294251277
Marlboro Central school district, Ulster County00000000042
New Paltz Central school district, Ulster County16000000000
Onteora Central school district, Ulster County31234334393742384034
Rondout Valley Central school district, Ulster County7263708383118711106763
Saugerties Central school district, Ulster County000003271756966
Wallkill Central school district, Ulster County0000000000

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures reflect 4-year-olds in free prekindergarten programs provided by school districts or community organizations. NYS did not provide comparable data for 2013.




INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Maintaining
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Increasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Maintaining
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Increasing
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
Households Receiving SNAP Maintaining
Food Insecurity Decreasing
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Newly Diagnosed Cases of HIV Decreasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Increasing
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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