Financial Stability
Elderly Living in Poverty

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Elderly Living in Poverty

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What does this measure?

The estimated proportion of residents 65 and older with incomes below the poverty line. In 2022, the threshold for a person 65 or older was $14,036.

Why is this important?

The percentage of seniors living in poverty is a measure of the overall economic health of the older population, and it can indicate the level of need for social and government supports among this population.

How is the region performing?

In 2018-22, 8% of seniors in the Mid-Hudson Valley had incomes below the poverty line, on par with the statewide (excluding NYC) rate and slightly below the national rate (10%).

Populations of seniors in poverty were too small in some counties and most municipalities to report reliable data. Of those with reliable data, Dutchess and Putnam had the lowest senior poverty rates, at 7%, while Orange and Ulster had the highest, at 9%. Rates in these counties changed little since 2008-12.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval).

The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

Elderly Living in Poverty
NYS (excluding NYC)7%7%8%
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County12%***22%**20%**
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County9%***9%***0%***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County7%***12%***2%***
Canaan town, Columbia County1%***5%***7%***
Chatham town, Columbia County2%***2%***10%***
Claverack town, Columbia County5%***10%**4%***
Clermont town, Columbia County7%***11%***10%***
Copake town, Columbia County9%***12%***3%***
Gallatin town, Columbia County4%***7%***4%***
Germantown town, Columbia County3%***3%***10%***
Ghent town, Columbia County7%***3%***11%***
Greenport town, Columbia County7%***8%***7%***
Hillsdale town, Columbia County2%***3%***6%***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County6%***10%***9%**
Livingston town, Columbia County2%***6%***6%***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County2%***0%***15%***
Stockport town, Columbia County3%***6%***6%***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County1%***9%***7%***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County4%***9%***4%***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County11%***10%***11%***
Kinderhook village, Columbia County1%***6%***0%***
Philmont village, Columbia County18%***9%***0%***
Valatie village, Columbia County21%***11%***8%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County9%***5%***13%***
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County17%*11%*13%*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County19%***9%***12%***
Beekman town, Dutchess County2%***8%***3%***
Clinton town, Dutchess County7%***4%***1%***
Dover town, Dutchess County6%***6%***14%***
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County2%***3%***2%**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County6%**7%**6%**
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County5%**6%***9%**
La Grange town, Dutchess County2%***1%***6%**
Milan town, Dutchess County1%***4%***1%***
North East town, Dutchess County7%***7%***6%***
Pawling town, Dutchess County2%***11%***4%***
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County12%***3%***5%***
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County4%***11%***4%***
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County7%**4%*8%*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County5%***9%**7%***
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County3%***8%**4%***
Stanford town, Dutchess County1%***2%***9%***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County4%***6%***10%***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County7%***4%**4%**
Washington town, Dutchess County6%***2%***7%***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County18%***9%***7%***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County9%***2%***9%***
Millerton village, Dutchess County3%***11%***4%***
Pawling village, Dutchess County2%***7%***12%***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County7%***8%***8%***
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County6%***8%***5%***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County0%***8%***15%***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County14%***9%***6%***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County11%***5%***9%***
Athens town, Greene County7%***17%**10%***
Cairo town, Greene County11%***6%***8%***
Catskill town, Greene County7%***10%***12%**
Coxsackie town, Greene County13%***6%***7%***
Durham town, Greene County5%***7%***2%***
Greenville town, Greene County12%***3%***1%***
Halcott town, Greene County4%***3%***8%***
Hunter town, Greene County24%***12%***12%***
Jewett town, Greene County0%***5%***9%***
Lexington town, Greene County9%***3%***5%***
New Baltimore town, Greene County9%***8%***4%***
Prattsville town, Greene County2%***10%***5%***
Windham town, Greene County4%***7%***5%***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County8%***11%**18%***
Catskill village, Greene County11%***10%***11%***
Coxsackie village, Greene County14%***6%***5%***
Hunter village, Greene County6%***47%***18%***
Tannersville village, Greene County9%***0%***0%***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County7%**11%**15%**
Newburgh city, Orange County24%*15%*25%*
Port Jervis city, Orange County17%**11%**26%***
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County3%***4%**13%**
Chester town, Orange County0%***5%***7%***
Cornwall town, Orange County3%***3%***6%***
Crawford town, Orange County5%***12%***7%***
Deerpark town, Orange County9%***12%**8%***
Goshen town, Orange County10%***5%***3%***
Greenville town, Orange County4%***4%***7%***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County3%***9%***4%***
Highlands town, Orange County9%***4%***10%***
Minisink town, Orange County11%***1%***3%***
Monroe town, Orange County6%**5%**3%***
Montgomery town, Orange County11%**11%**12%**
Mount Hope town, Orange County7%***6%***5%***
New Windsor town, Orange County4%**8%**12%**
Newburgh town, Orange County6%**4%**5%**
Tuxedo town, Orange County5%***2%***5%***
Wallkill town, Orange County5%**7%**8%**
Warwick town, Orange County6%**5%**7%**
Wawayanda town, Orange County5%***4%***4%***
Woodbury town, Orange County3%***5%***2%***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County1%***10%***4%***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County0%***2%***7%***
Florida village, Orange County0%***4%***2%***
Goshen village, Orange County8%***5%***2%***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County5%***0%***0%***
Harriman village, Orange County1%***10%***5%***
Highland Falls village, Orange County14%***4%***5%***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County22%***20%***9%***
Maybrook village, Orange County13%***14%***25%***
Monroe village, Orange County3%***2%***3%***
Montgomery village, Orange County10%***3%***7%***
Otisville village, Orange County0%***17%***4%***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County4%***7%***7%***
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County0%***3%***3%***
Unionville village, Orange County18%***2%***6%***
Walden village, Orange County12%***19%***20%***
Warwick village, Orange County6%***7%***8%***
Washingtonville village, Orange County4%***6%***23%**
Woodbury village, Orange County3%***5%***2%***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County3%***4%***5%**
Kent town, Putnam County4%***1%***6%***
Patterson town, Putnam County11%***8%***8%***
Philipstown town, Putnam County10%**4%***9%**
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County9%***5%***16%**
Southeast town, Putnam County6%***2%***6%**
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County12%***0%***22%***
Cold Spring village, Putnam County10%***1%***11%***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County6%***0%***13%***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County7%***8%***5%***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County3%***4%***11%***
Cochecton town, Sullivan County8%***5%***13%***
Delaware town, Sullivan County7%***8%***20%***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County13%**12%**10%**
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County5%***1%***4%***
Fremont town, Sullivan County7%***12%***1%***
Highland town, Sullivan County5%***11%***2%***
Liberty town, Sullivan County10%**17%**16%***
Lumberland town, Sullivan County7%***1%***9%***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County7%***8%***12%**
Neversink town, Sullivan County6%***4%***4%***
Rockland town, Sullivan County3%***4%***21%***
Thompson town, Sullivan County11%**14%**8%***
Tusten town, Sullivan County12%***8%***10%***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County23%***14%***13%***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County9%***3%***11%***
Liberty village, Sullivan County5%***36%***25%***
Monticello village, Sullivan County13%***19%***18%***
Woodridge village, Sullivan County19%***14%***29%***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County5%***1%***8%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County7%**12%*9%**
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County4%***6%***17%***
Esopus town, Ulster County7%***10%***7%**
Gardiner town, Ulster County0%***20%***45%***
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County10%***5%***0%***
Hurley town, Ulster County1%***3%***5%***
Kingston town, Ulster County9%***6%***7%***
Lloyd town, Ulster County4%***7%***7%***
Marbletown town, Ulster County9%***9%***3%***
Marlborough town, Ulster County5%***12%**5%***
New Paltz town, Ulster County7%***1%***8%***
Olive town, Ulster County16%***7%***7%***
Plattekill town, Ulster County6%***13%**6%***
Rochester town, Ulster County12%***9%***7%***
Rosendale town, Ulster County7%***13%***7%***
Saugerties town, Ulster County4%**7%*10%**
Shandaken town, Ulster County3%***10%***18%***
Shawangunk town, Ulster County12%***10%***3%***
Ulster town, Ulster County10%*6%**10%**
Wawarsing town, Ulster County8%***19%**10%**
Woodstock town, Ulster County7%**6%**17%**
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County12%***37%***9%***
New Paltz village, Ulster County13%***1%***3%***
Saugerties village, Ulster County5%***15%**16%***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Number of Elderly Living in Poverty
NYS (excluding NYC)111,034125,057165,004
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County94***165**174**
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County24***30***0***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County14***52***14***
Canaan town, Columbia County3***22***41***
Chatham town, Columbia County16***19***125***
Claverack town, Columbia County65***134**45***
Clermont town, Columbia County16***37***44***
Copake town, Columbia County68***95***33***
Gallatin town, Columbia County12***23***17***
Germantown town, Columbia County12***13***52***
Ghent town, Columbia County60***36***109***
Greenport town, Columbia County72***80***77***
Hillsdale town, Columbia County6***12***31***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County65***149***173**
Livingston town, Columbia County8***50***52***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County9***0***74***
Stockport town, Columbia County17***23***27***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County4***26***40***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County11***29***17***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County30***29***37***
Kinderhook village, Columbia County2***23***0***
Philmont village, Columbia County27***19***0***
Valatie village, Columbia County40***25***26***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County181***82***232***
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County647*469*656*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County115***66***90***
Beekman town, Dutchess County28***137***59***
Clinton town, Dutchess County35***33***18***
Dover town, Dutchess County64***69***202***
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County73***137***108**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County181**259**272**
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County170**196***363**
La Grange town, Dutchess County47***29***134**
Milan town, Dutchess County5***21***5***
North East town, Dutchess County32***36***49***
Pawling town, Dutchess County25***150***69***
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County58***13***29***
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County39***136***64***
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County413**289*603*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County73***168**115***
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County42***157**98***
Stanford town, Dutchess County4***18***74***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County27***52***77***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County252***173**227**
Washington town, Dutchess County53***21***96***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County52***28***37***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County31***6***43***
Millerton village, Dutchess County3***17***8***
Pawling village, Dutchess County5***31***45***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County24***30***33***
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County25***60***37***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County0***13***26***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County89***69***69***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County22***13***18***
Athens town, Greene County50***129**115***
Cairo town, Greene County151***71***118***
Catskill town, Greene County124***222***286**
Coxsackie town, Greene County124***66***105***
Durham town, Greene County29***32***11***
Greenville town, Greene County96***18***9***
Halcott town, Greene County2***2***5***
Hunter town, Greene County116***97***103***
Jewett town, Greene County0***19***30***
Lexington town, Greene County20***9***11***
New Baltimore town, Greene County46***47***31***
Prattsville town, Greene County3***22***11***
Windham town, Greene County17***35***17***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County25***38**91***
Catskill village, Greene County57***65***74***
Coxsackie village, Greene County59***36***33***
Hunter village, Greene County7***69***26***
Tannersville village, Greene County8***0***0***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County202**390**593**
Newburgh city, Orange County602*353*898*
Port Jervis city, Orange County195**153**413***
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County54***87**253**
Chester town, Orange County7***75***145***
Cornwall town, Orange County48***52***131***
Crawford town, Orange County45***148***90***
Deerpark town, Orange County97***185**112***
Goshen town, Orange County159***95***66***
Greenville town, Orange County23***23***39***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County26***57***28***
Highlands town, Orange County47***37***113***
Minisink town, Orange County47***3***16***
Monroe town, Orange County125**125**83***
Montgomery town, Orange County244**376**443**
Mount Hope town, Orange County31***50***47***
New Windsor town, Orange County118**290**505**
Newburgh town, Orange County262**165**277**
Tuxedo town, Orange County31***18***45***
Wallkill town, Orange County171**299**382**
Warwick town, Orange County241**270**376**
Wawayanda town, Orange County36***34***47***
Woodbury town, Orange County37***68***30***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County6***49***23***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County0***10***42***
Florida village, Orange County0***17***10***
Goshen village, Orange County59***46***26***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County15***0***0***
Harriman village, Orange County4***14***21***
Highland Falls village, Orange County47***24***25***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County38***97***70***
Maybrook village, Orange County34***52***162***
Monroe village, Orange County26***14***30***
Montgomery village, Orange County49***24***56***
Otisville village, Orange County0***21***9***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County10***37***27***
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County0***4***5***
Unionville village, Orange County12***2***7***
Walden village, Orange County60***128***158***
Warwick village, Orange County81***113***150***
Washingtonville village, Orange County44***46***196**
Woodbury village, Orange County37***68***30***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County125***210***286**
Kent town, Putnam County66***16***143***
Patterson town, Putnam County130***137***158***
Philipstown town, Putnam County176**85***199**
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County127***94***302**
Southeast town, Putnam County115***55***200**
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County18***0***68***
Cold Spring village, Putnam County45***4***41***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County6***0***13***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County52***62***59***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County19***28***84***
Cochecton town, Sullivan County18***16***46***
Delaware town, Sullivan County32***44***102***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County157**255**195**
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County7***3***11***
Fremont town, Sullivan County24***34***3***
Highland town, Sullivan County17***59***15***
Liberty town, Sullivan County128**213**209***
Lumberland town, Sullivan County29***5***29***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County103***119***219**
Neversink town, Sullivan County33***21***19***
Rockland town, Sullivan County25***26***212***
Thompson town, Sullivan County223**345**279***
Tusten town, Sullivan County38***29***31***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County15***10***12***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County8***2***7***
Liberty village, Sullivan County32***165***128***
Monticello village, Sullivan County116***200***179***
Woodridge village, Sullivan County22***17***39***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County6***3***21***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County236**388*316**
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County6***7***15***
Esopus town, Ulster County79***159***174**
Gardiner town, Ulster County2***215***393***
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County4***3***0***
Hurley town, Ulster County17***40***72***
Kingston town, Ulster County13***11***15***
Lloyd town, Ulster County62***110***137***
Marbletown town, Ulster County94***106***43***
Marlborough town, Ulster County60***161**80***
New Paltz town, Ulster County117***16***184***
Olive town, Ulster County122***73***91***
Plattekill town, Ulster County66***248**100***
Rochester town, Ulster County135***116***96***
Rosendale town, Ulster County58***174***112***
Saugerties town, Ulster County125**237*414**
Shandaken town, Ulster County22***84***136***
Shawangunk town, Ulster County206***174***59***
Ulster town, Ulster County200*145**260**
Wawarsing town, Ulster County138***366**270**
Woodstock town, Ulster County99**111**411**
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County53***174***66***
New Paltz village, Ulster County83***7***29***
Saugerties village, Ulster County27***113**146***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Decreasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Maintaining
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Increasing
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
Babies with Low Birth Weights Increasing
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Increasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable