Housing fulfills the basic human need for shelter and is a strong measure of a community's cost of living, relative wealth and general prosperity. In all cases, comparisons to state statistics reflect the state excluding New York City.
Homeownership rates have remained steady across the region and on par with the state at 70%.
Rates were similar across the Mid-Hudson Valley, except Putnam County with the highest rate at 82% in 2014-18.
The Mid-Hudson Valley experienced a decrease in the rate of homelessness since 2007.
In 2018, there were 17 homeless people per 10,000 residents in the region. Among the counties, Ulster County had the highest rate at 26 homeless people per 10,000 residents, followed by Sullivan County (25) while Orange County had the lowest rate at 13 homeless people per 10,000 residents in 2018. The region’s rate of homelessness decreased by 13% between 2007 and 2018, lower than the 21% decline in the national rate.
Owning a home has become harder in the Mid-Hudson Valley, with rising home values and income not keeping pace.
The affordability ratio (median home value divided by household income) was 3.5 in the region in 2014-18, up from 2.7 in 2000. Across the region, ratios ranged from a low of 3.0 in Sullivan County to a high of 3.7 in Columbia - all above the 3.0 considered affordable.
Rental housing has become less affordable between 2000 and 2014–18, similar to state and national trends.
Region-wide, 34% of the median household income went to cover rent in 2014-18, above the federal affordability guideline that housing should cost no more than 30% of household income. In 2014-18, renters in Sullivan County spent 30% of their income on rent, below Greene (43%) and Ulster (38%) renters, but above the 29% spent in the state. These proportions were up from 2000, 16 points in Greene and 9 points in Ulster and Orange counties.
|INDICATORS||TREND | STATE|
|Children Living in Poverty||Increasing|
|Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity||Decreasing|
|Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity||Decreasing|
|Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect||Maintaining|
|Rate of Foster Care Admissions||Maintaining|
|Live Births to Teen Mothers||Decreasing|
|Juvenile Delinquency Intakes||Decreasing|
|Bullying at School||Decreasing|
|Average Charitable Giving||Increasing|
|Voter Registration Rate||Increasing|
|Voter Participation Rate||Decreasing|
|Population by Age||Decreasing|
|Population by Race/Ethnicity||Increasing|
|Change in Total Jobs||Increasing|
|Employment by Sector||Not Applicable|
|Spending for County Government||Increasing|
|Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services||Increasing|
|Students Receiving Special Education Services||Increasing|
|Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group||Increasing|
|Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity||Increasing|
|Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group||Increasing|
|Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity||Increasing|
|High School Cohort Graduation Rate||Increasing|
|High School Cohort Dropout Rate||Decreasing|
|High School GED Rate||Decreasing|
|Plans of High School Graduates||Increasing|
|Education Levels of Adults||Increasing|
|Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity||Maintaining|
|Median Household Income||Decreasing|
|Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity||Decreasing|
|People Living in Poverty||Increasing|
|People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity||Decreasing|
|Seniors Living in Poverty||Decreasing|
|Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care||Maintaining|
|Veterans Living in Poverty||Decreasing|
|Economically Disadvantaged Students||Increasing|
|Earned Income Tax Credit Participation||Decreasing|
|Living Wage Rate by Household Type||Increasing|
|Income in Relation to Poverty Level||Maintaining|
|People Without Health Insurance||Decreasing|
|Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|Deaths from Drug Overdoses||Increasing|
|Babies with Low Birth Weights||Maintaining|
|People Living wth HIV||Decreasing|
|Mental Health Clinic Visits||Decreasing|
|Housing Affordability for Homeowners||Maintaining|
|Housing Affordability for Renters||Not Applicable|