Education
Students Receiving Special Education Services

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Students Receiving Special Education Services

What does this measure?

Percent of school-aged residents (4-21) classified with disabilities and receiving special education services.

Why is this important?

Students receiving special education services can be at greater risk for poor school performance, including lower test scores and a higher chance of dropping out. The proportion of students in special education can significantly impact a school district's budget, and it can be an indicator of the effectiveness of earlier intervention programs aimed at addressing problems in early years and preventing students from being classified with disabilities.

How is the region performing?

In 2022, 10% of school-aged residents in the region were classified as having disabilities, on par with the state (excluding NYC) proportion. This has increased slightly from 9% since 2012. All counties in the region consistently had rates in the range of 8% to 13% throughout the decade, slightly higher than the state. Ulster County had the highest rate in 2022, at 12%, followed by Greene and Putnam at 11%. Columbia, Orange and Sullivan had the lowest rate, at 9%.

School districts with high rates of students receiving special education services (14% or more) included Cairo-Durham and Windham-Ashland Jewett in Greene County, and Ellenville Kingston and Marlboro in Ulster County. The lowest rate was in Kiryas Joel Village Union Free School in Orange County, at 3%.

Notes about the data

Varying school district practices on classifying students as disabled can impact the numbers. Also, school districts known for effective special education programs may attract more students with disabilities.

Students Receiving Special Education Services
200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Region9%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%11%11%11%10%10%
Columbia10%10%10%10%10%9%10%10%11%11%11%11%11%9%9%
Dutchess9%9%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%10%11%10%10%
Greene9%9%9%9%10%10%10%11%11%11%11%9%11%10%11%
Orange9%9%9%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%10%9%9%
Putnam10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%11%10%11%
Sullivan8%8%8%8%8%8%8%9%9%10%10%10%10%9%9%
Ulster10%10%10%11%11%11%12%12%12%13%13%13%13%11%12%
NYS (excluding NYC)9%9%9%8%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%10%10%
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central school district, Columbia County7%8%8%8%8%8%8%10%11%12%12%12%12%9%10%
Germantown Central school district, Columbia County12%12%10%10%10%11%10%10%11%10%11%12%12%11%11%
Hudson City school district, Columbia County12%13%14%13%12%12%13%13%13%13%13%14%13%12%12%
Kinderhook Central school district, Columbia County11%11%11%12%11%11%11%12%12%12%12%11%11%10%10%
New Lebanon Central school district, Columbia County8%8%9%9%8%6%6%7%7%7%10%9%9%10%10%
Taconic Hills Central school district, Columbia County9%8%8%8%8%9%9%9%10%10%10%9%8%7%7%
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central school district, Dutchess County9%9%9%10%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%11%11%10%11%
Beacon City school district, Dutchess County9%9%9%10%12%12%12%12%12%12%13%13%12%12%12%
Dover Union Free school district, Dutchess County9%9%9%9%9%10%10%9%9%10%10%10%10%10%10%
Hyde Park Central school district, Dutchess County8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%7%7%8%8%7%8%
Millbrook Central school district, Dutchess County13%13%12%12%12%12%12%13%13%12%12%12%12%11%11%
Northeast Central school district, Dutchess County8%8%8%7%7%8%8%9%9%9%10%9%9%9%9%
Pawling Central school district, Dutchess County12%11%10%9%9%9%9%9%8%7%7%7%8%7%8%
Pine Plains Central school district, Dutchess County10%8%9%8%8%8%9%8%9%10%10%10%10%9%9%
Poughkeepsie City school district, Dutchess County11%11%10%10%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%11%12%12%12%
Red Hook Central school district, Dutchess County6%6%6%5%5%6%6%6%7%7%8%7%7%6%6%
Rhinebeck Central school district, Dutchess County6%8%8%8%8%7%7%8%8%8%9%8%8%8%7%
Spackenkill Union Free school district, Dutchess County9%9%9%9%9%9%9%10%11%11%11%12%11%11%10%
Wappingers Central school district, Dutchess County9%10%10%10%11%11%11%12%11%11%11%11%12%11%12%
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central school district, Greene County11%11%10%10%10%11%12%12%14%16%15%15%15%14%14%
Catskill Central school district, Greene County10%10%11%12%12%12%13%15%14%13%13%12%12%11%11%
Coxsackie-Athens Central school district, Greene County4%4%4%4%4%5%5%6%6%6%6%0%6%6%6%
Greenville Central school district, Greene County11%12%12%12%13%13%13%12%13%12%12%12%13%11%11%
Hunter-Tannersville Central school district, Greene County9%11%10%10%9%10%11%11%11%11%12%13%12%12%10%
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central school district, Greene County14%14%14%13%13%12%8%7%7%9%9%10%11%12%14%
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free school district, Orange County9%10%10%9%9%9%11%12%14%15%15%14%15%13%13%
Cornwall Central school district, Orange County8%8%8%8%8%8%9%9%9%9%9%9%9%8%8%
Florida Union Free school district, Orange County7%7%7%7%7%7%7%7%7%8%9%10%10%9%8%
Goshen Central school district, Orange County9%8%8%8%9%9%9%11%11%11%12%11%11%10%10%
Greenwood Lake Union Free school district, Orange County7%7%8%7%6%7%7%6%6%7%6%5%6%5%5%
Highland Falls Central school district, Orange County3%3%2%3%3%3%3%3%3%3%3%4%4%3%4%
Kiryas Joel Village Union Free school district, Orange County2%2%2%2%2%2%3%3%3%3%3%3%3%3%3%
Middletown City school district, Orange County8%8%9%9%9%9%10%11%12%12%12%12%13%11%12%
Minisink Valley Central school district, Orange County11%11%11%11%11%11%11%11%11%11%11%10%10%9%9%
Monroe-Woodbury Central school district, Orange County11%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%11%12%12%12%12%11%11%
Newburgh City school district, Orange County10%10%10%9%9%9%10%11%11%12%11%11%11%10%10%
Pine Bush Central school district, Orange County11%11%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%11%11%11%9%9%
Port Jervis City school district, Orange County10%11%11%11%12%12%13%13%14%14%14%14%15%14%13%
Tuxedo Union Free school district, Orange County20%20%22%24%23%20%20%20%12%11%10%11%10%8%8%
Valley Central school district, Orange County10%11%11%11%12%12%12%12%12%13%13%12%12%11%11%
Warwick Valley Central school district, Orange County10%11%11%10%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%11%10%9%9%
Washingtonville Central school district, Orange County8%7%8%8%8%8%8%8%9%9%9%9%9%8%8%
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central school district, Putnam County10%10%10%9%9%9%9%10%10%9%9%9%10%10%10%
Carmel Central school district, Putnam County10%10%11%10%10%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%11%11%11%
Garrison Union Free school district, Putnam County5%4%4%4%3%2%4%6%6%6%7%8%8%7%6%
Haldane Central school district, Putnam County7%7%8%8%10%11%11%11%10%10%11%11%11%11%11%
Mahopac Central school district, Putnam County13%13%12%12%12%11%12%12%12%12%12%12%12%12%13%
Putnam Valley Central school district, Putnam County8%9%9%9%8%9%10%10%10%10%11%11%10%10%10%
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central school district, Sullivan County9%7%6%5%5%6%6%6%6%6%5%7%6%6%7%
Fallsburg Central school district, Sullivan County8%8%8%9%9%10%11%10%11%10%10%10%10%9%9%
Liberty Central school district, Sullivan County11%10%9%9%9%9%8%9%10%11%11%11%11%10%12%
Livingston Manor Central school district, Sullivan County12%11%12%11%12%13%14%13%12%14%14%12%13%11%10%
Monticello Central school district, Sullivan County11%10%10%10%9%10%10%11%12%13%14%15%15%13%12%
Sullivan West Central school district, Sullivan County7%6%6%5%5%6%5%5%5%6%7%8%7%6%6%
Tri-Valley Central school district, Sullivan County8%9%8%8%8%9%10%11%11%12%11%11%12%10%9%
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central school district, Ulster County9%9%10%11%12%13%14%14%15%15%15%16%16%15%14%
Highland Central school district, Ulster County9%9%9%9%9%10%9%9%10%11%10%10%10%9%10%
Kingston City school district, Ulster County13%13%13%13%14%14%15%16%16%17%17%17%16%15%15%
Marlboro Central school district, Ulster County11%11%11%11%12%11%12%12%12%13%13%14%15%13%14%
New Paltz Central school district, Ulster County5%5%5%5%5%5%6%6%6%7%6%7%7%6%6%
Onteora Central school district, Ulster County12%13%12%11%11%11%12%11%11%12%12%12%12%11%11%
Rondout Valley Central school district, Ulster County12%12%13%13%12%12%12%12%12%13%13%13%13%12%13%
Saugerties Central school district, Ulster County10%10%11%12%13%13%13%13%13%14%14%15%14%12%12%
Wallkill Central school district, Ulster County9%9%9%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%10%9%10%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures reflect percentage of residents 4-21 receiving services.




Number of Students Receiving Special Education Services
200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Region26,74926,43226,33526,06625,67625,60725,91726,28026,54726,95026,94126,89527,12226,79026,927
Columbia1,3211,3111,2931,2711,2001,1591,1681,1921,1881,1781,1611,1111,0591,006975
Dutchess7,0107,0086,9586,8756,7076,5926,5456,6116,5316,4586,4466,5746,6246,5846,685
Greene1,0059901,0079849839919819841,001998970783951923907
Orange9,1099,0199,0259,0128,9339,0449,3599,6129,87310,18610,27210,26510,33410,28210,309
Putnam2,4972,4632,4332,3612,2982,1942,2202,1982,1802,1432,0992,1122,1482,1482,212
Sullivan1,5331,4211,3831,3591,3131,3661,3531,3721,4401,5221,6111,6431,6341,6241,628
Ulster4,2744,2204,2364,2044,2424,2614,2914,3114,3344,4654,3824,4074,3724,2234,211
NYS (excluding NYC)249,905246,862245,424225,909236,316231,030236,789239,347242,639245,420246,994251,002253,586249,503250,551
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central school district, Columbia County148159156154158146149172180193192191176150158
Germantown Central school district, Columbia County11611595908892847984808089838483
Hudson City school district, Columbia County410422432385366345362365352343332333317309293
Kinderhook Central school district, Columbia County344337328356319315306311312299293263256249241
New Lebanon Central school district, Columbia County706474766549455146516356596567
Taconic Hills Central school district, Columbia County233214208210204212222214214212201179168149133
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central school district, Dutchess County1,4681,4861,5081,5031,3591,3371,3451,3381,3291,3831,4071,4231,4341,4251,488
Beacon City school district, Dutchess County476462492494584585565548539566581568536532532
Dover Union Free school district, Dutchess County214217210206207223214203195206201210203202202
Hyde Park Central school district, Dutchess County718726717732688661674652608577564606616595652
Millbrook Central school district, Dutchess County257253226220225216216224219208204194189178178
Northeast Central school district, Dutchess County142149141127126128136140141139145137131137139
Pawling Central school district, Dutchess County289256236213209192185190173145139132146143164
Pine Plains Central school district, Dutchess County180159158147146147146138152164159160158148141
Poughkeepsie City school district, Dutchess County992989891826782727710767779786782849885928896
Red Hook Central school district, Dutchess County258261248239229235253247256261286273249231212
Rhinebeck Central school district, Dutchess County109137138135134120109121129124130118120117109
Spackenkill Union Free school district, Dutchess County213196208198182179177194220218212216209207189
Wappingers Central school district, Dutchess County1,6941,7171,7851,8351,8361,8421,8151,8491,7911,6811,6361,6881,7481,7411,783
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central school district, Greene County231224210190189200215201234260239236242233232
Catskill Central school district, Greene County270264282297297288299323306269264248235232223
Coxsackie-Athens Central school district, Greene County1391211381291341531471591651721710168163160
Greenville Central school district, Greene County212219228221231217213197197189185178184168167
Hunter-Tannersville Central school district, Greene County687669706167676864666973697059
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central school district, Greene County858680777166403635424248535766
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free school district, Orange County141145144139138135161173199227215213221214208
Cornwall Central school district, Orange County379385381382360378392421418402397392412408397
Florida Union Free school district, Orange County899191918990898086102111120123119114
Goshen Central school district, Orange County391362366378386394414461478475497490484471473
Greenwood Lake Union Free school district, Orange County948395838288837776817868787172
Highland Falls Central school district, Orange County139144136144144156141137155167183199212209219
Kiryas Joel Village Union Free school district, Orange County168163186209230234279276270308306316321311286
Middletown City school district, Orange County8718609249579119461,0431,1091,1691,2401,2591,2501,2951,2901,335
Minisink Valley Central school district, Orange County669671651647644653661656659633624612594576603
Monroe-Woodbury Central school district, Orange County1,1331,0651,0251,0731,0391,0059901,0431,1071,1791,2081,2001,1931,2071,230
Newburgh City school district, Orange County1,7591,7361,6671,6241,5731,6451,7611,8261,8871,9771,9211,8621,8821,8861,906
Pine Bush Central school district, Orange County942907883858854807798787798813891891876850816
Port Jervis City school district, Orange County415442443456487511530541570552554580606623595
Tuxedo Union Free school district, Orange County10610911613112410910410664585356514947
Valley Central school district, Orange County732746762775821837852853853872858843840851842
Warwick Valley Central school district, Orange County602634631577564531532534553564578616580594588
Washingtonville Central school district, Orange County479476524488487525529532531536539557566553578
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central school district, Putnam County513517510477464461436462461418391414446440422
Carmel Central school district, Putnam County715732734711682620617591597615616612621640669
Garrison Union Free school district, Putnam County262323231812202726293136373428
Haldane Central school district, Putnam County90879598115126127123109108115105112108106
Mahopac Central school district, Putnam County937879842827805750777763756746710709711704758
Putnam Valley Central school district, Putnam County216225229225214225243232231227236236221222229
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central school district, Sullivan County988168565365616362565468616873
Fallsburg Central school district, Sullivan County196199210213215240255235242219226233227233225
Liberty Central school district, Sullivan County248223207210211191178189212229237225228241273
Livingston Manor Central school district, Sullivan County898490798895998783929281848479
Monticello Central school district, Sullivan County586532525519473487468497550614673691690670646
Sullivan West Central school district, Sullivan County158140129121115122116113105118147155150139147
Tri-Valley Central school district, Sullivan County126130120124122132141147148156152153156150141
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central school district, Ulster County234241267277299305329316331329336334333340321
Highland Central school district, Ulster County252248259253243265242236259268249245247246265
Kingston City school district, Ulster County1,3791,3891,3701,3571,3891,4201,4601,5001,5061,5281,5091,5161,4541,4131,396
Marlboro Central school district, Ulster County350327325307331315318312323338340349370344363
New Paltz Central school district, Ulster County331328320316318332360373354375357367374361352
Onteora Central school district, Ulster County338339307283279274277263260267268257270257253
Rondout Valley Central school district, Ulster County449439448436411390374374370392381391382371386
Saugerties Central school district, Ulster County465464494528531532515529516543536544519485456
Wallkill Central school district, Ulster County476445446447441428416408415425406404423406419

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures reflect number of residents 4-21 receiving services.




INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Maintaining
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Increasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Maintaining
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Increasing
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
Households Receiving SNAP Maintaining
Food Insecurity Decreasing
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Newly Diagnosed Cases of HIV Decreasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Increasing
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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