Education
Students Receiving Special Education Services

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Students Receiving Special Education Services

What does this measure?

Percent of school-aged residents (4-21) classified with disabilities and receiving special education services.

Why is this important?

Students receiving special education services can be at greater risk for poor school performance, including lower test scores and a higher chance of dropping out. The proportion of students in special education can significantly impact a school district's budget, and it can be an indicator of the effectiveness of earlier intervention programs aimed at addressing problems in early years and preventing students from being classified with disabilities.

How is the region performing?

In 2019, 11% of school-aged residents in the region were classified as having disabilities, similar to the state (excluding NYC) proportion. This has increased slightly since 2010. All counties in the region consistently had rates in the range of 8% to 13% throughout the decade, slightly higher than the state. Ulster County had the highest rate in 2019, followed by Columbia at 11%, Dutchess, Orange, Putnam and Sullivan at 10%. Greene had the lowest rate at 9%.

School districts with especially high rates of disabled students (14% or more) included Hudson City in Columbia County, Cairo-Durham in Greene County; Chester Union Free and Port Jervis City in Orange County; Monticello Central in Sullivan County and Ellenville, Kingston, Marlboro and Saugerties Central, in Ulster County. The lowest rate was in Coxsackie-Athens in Greene County, at 0%.

Notes about the data

Varying school district practices on classifying students as disabled can impact the numbers. Also, school districts known for effective special education programs may attract more students with disabilities.

Students Receiving Special Education Services
200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Region9%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%11%11%
Columbia County10%10%10%10%10%9%10%10%11%11%11%11%
Dutchess County9%9%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%10%
Greene County9%9%9%9%10%10%10%11%11%11%11%9%
Orange County9%9%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%10%
Putnam County10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%
Sullivan County8%8%8%8%8%8%8%9%9%10%10%10%
Ulster County10%10%10%11%11%11%12%12%12%13%13%13%
NYS (excluding NYC)9%9%9%8%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central7%8%8%8%8%8%8%10%11%12%12%12%
Germantown Central12%12%10%10%10%11%10%10%11%10%11%12%
Hudson City12%13%14%13%12%12%13%13%13%13%13%14%
Kinderhook Central11%11%11%12%11%11%11%12%12%12%12%11%
New Lebanon Central8%8%9%9%8%6%6%7%7%7%10%9%
Taconic Hills Central9%8%8%8%8%9%9%9%10%10%10%9%
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central9%9%9%10%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%11%
Beacon City9%9%9%10%12%12%12%12%12%12%13%13%
Dover Union Free9%9%9%9%9%10%10%9%9%10%10%10%
Hyde Park Central8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%7%7%8%
Millbrook Central13%13%12%12%12%12%12%13%13%12%12%12%
Northeast Central8%8%8%7%7%8%8%9%9%9%10%9%
Pawling Central12%11%10%9%9%9%9%9%8%7%7%7%
Pine Plains Central10%8%9%8%8%8%9%8%9%10%10%10%
Poughkeepsie City11%11%10%10%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%11%
Red Hook Central6%6%6%5%5%6%6%6%7%7%8%7%
Rhinebeck Central6%8%8%8%8%7%7%8%8%8%9%8%
Spackenkill Union Free9%9%9%9%9%9%9%10%11%11%11%12%
Wappingers Central9%10%10%10%11%11%11%12%11%11%11%11%
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central11%11%10%10%10%11%12%12%14%16%14%15%
Catskill Central10%10%11%12%12%12%13%15%14%13%13%12%
Coxsackie-Athens Central4%4%4%4%4%5%5%6%6%6%6%0%
Greenville Central11%12%12%12%13%13%13%12%13%12%12%12%
Hunter-Tannersville Central9%11%10%10%9%10%11%11%11%11%12%13%
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central14%14%14%13%13%12%8%7%7%8%9%10%
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free9%10%10%9%9%9%11%12%14%15%15%14%
Cornwall Central8%8%8%8%8%8%9%9%9%9%9%9%
Florida Union Free7%7%7%7%7%7%7%7%7%8%9%10%
Goshen Central9%8%8%8%9%9%9%11%11%11%12%11%
Greenwood Lake Union Free7%7%8%7%6%7%7%6%6%7%6%5%
Highland Falls Central3%3%2%3%3%3%3%3%3%3%3%4%
Kiryas Joel Village Union Free2%2%2%2%2%2%3%3%3%3%3%3%
Middletown City8%8%9%9%9%9%10%11%12%12%12%12%
Minisink Valley Central11%11%11%11%11%11%11%11%11%11%11%10%
Monroe-Woodbury Central11%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%11%12%12%12%
Newburgh City10%10%10%9%9%9%10%11%11%12%11%11%
Pine Bush Central11%11%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%11%11%
Port Jervis City10%11%11%11%12%12%13%13%14%14%14%14%
Tuxedo Union Free20%20%22%24%23%20%20%20%12%11%10%11%
Valley Central10%11%11%11%12%12%12%12%13%13%13%12%
Warwick Valley Central10%11%11%10%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%11%
Washingtonville Central8%7%8%8%8%8%8%9%9%9%9%9%
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central10%10%10%9%9%9%9%10%10%9%9%9%
Carmel Central10%10%11%10%10%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%
Garrison Union Free5%4%4%4%3%2%4%6%5%6%7%8%
Haldane Central7%7%8%8%10%11%11%11%10%10%11%11%
Mahopac Central13%13%12%12%12%11%12%12%12%12%12%12%
Putnam Valley Central8%9%9%9%8%9%10%10%10%10%11%11%
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central9%7%6%5%5%6%6%6%6%6%5%7%
Fallsburg Central8%8%8%9%9%10%11%10%11%10%10%10%
Liberty Central11%10%9%9%9%9%8%9%10%11%11%11%
Livingston Manor Central12%11%12%11%12%13%14%13%12%14%14%12%
Monticello Central11%10%10%10%9%10%10%11%12%13%14%15%
Sullivan West Central7%6%6%5%5%6%5%5%5%6%7%8%
Tri-Valley Central8%9%8%8%8%9%10%11%11%12%11%11%
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central9%9%10%11%12%13%14%14%15%15%15%16%
Highland Central9%9%9%9%9%10%9%9%10%11%10%10%
Kingston City13%13%13%13%14%14%15%16%16%17%17%17%
Marlboro Central11%11%11%11%12%11%12%12%12%13%13%14%
New Paltz Central5%5%5%5%5%5%6%6%6%7%6%7%
Onteora Central12%13%12%11%11%11%12%11%11%12%12%12%
Rondout Valley Central12%12%13%13%12%12%12%12%12%13%13%13%
Saugerties Central10%10%11%12%13%13%13%13%13%14%14%15%
Wallkill Central9%9%9%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures reflect percentage of residents 4-21 receiving services.




Number of Students Receiving Special Education Services
200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Region26,74926,43226,33526,06625,67625,60725,91726,28026,54726,95026,94126,895
Columbia County1,3211,3111,2931,2711,2001,1591,1681,1921,1881,1781,1611,111
Dutchess County7,0107,0086,9586,8756,7076,5926,5456,6116,5316,4586,4466,574
Greene County1,0059901,0079849839919819841,001998970783
Orange County9,1099,0199,0259,0128,9339,0449,3599,6129,87310,18610,27210,265
Putnam County2,4972,4632,4332,3612,2982,1942,2202,1982,1802,1432,0992,112
Sullivan County1,5331,4211,3831,3591,3131,3661,3531,3721,4401,5221,6111,643
Ulster County4,2744,2204,2364,2044,2424,2614,2914,3114,3344,4654,3824,407
NYS (excluding NYC)249,905246,862245,424225,909236,316231,030236,789239,347242,639245,420246,994251,002
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central148159156154158146149172180193192191
Germantown Central11611595908892847984808089
Hudson City410422432385366345362365352343332333
Kinderhook Central344337328356319315306311312299293263
New Lebanon Central706474766549455146516356
Taconic Hills Central233214208210204212222214214212201179
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central1,4681,4861,5081,5031,3591,3371,3451,3381,3291,3831,4071,423
Beacon City476462492494584585565548539566581568
Dover Union Free214217210206207223214203195206201210
Hyde Park Central718726717732688661674652608577564606
Millbrook Central257253226220225216216224219208204194
Northeast Central142149141127126128136140141139145137
Pawling Central289256236213209192185190173145139132
Pine Plains Central180159158147146147146138152164159160
Poughkeepsie City992989891826782727710767779786782849
Red Hook Central258261248239229235253247256261286273
Rhinebeck Central109137138135134120109121129124130118
Spackenkill Union Free213196208198182179177194220218212216
Wappingers Central1,6941,7171,7851,8351,8361,8421,8151,8491,7911,6811,6361,688
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central231224210190189200215201234260239236
Catskill Central270264282297297288299323306269264248
Coxsackie-Athens Central1391211381291341531471591651721710
Greenville Central212219228221231217213197197189185178
Hunter-Tannersville Central687669706167676864666973
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central858680777166403635424248
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free141145144139138135161173199227215213
Cornwall Central379385381382360378392421418402397392
Florida Union Free899191918990898086102111120
Goshen Central391362366378386394414461478475497490
Greenwood Lake Union Free948395838288837776817868
Highland Falls Central139144136144144156141137155167183199
Kiryas Joel Village Union Free168163186209230234279276270308306316
Middletown City8718609249579119461,0431,1091,1691,2401,2591,250
Minisink Valley Central669671651647644653661656659633624612
Monroe-Woodbury Central1,1331,0651,0251,0731,0391,0059901,0431,1071,1791,2081,200
Newburgh City1,7591,7361,6671,6241,5731,6451,7611,8261,8871,9771,9211,862
Pine Bush Central942907883858854807798787798813891891
Port Jervis City415442443456487511530541570552554580
Tuxedo Union Free10610911613112410910410664585356
Valley Central732746762775821837852853853872858843
Warwick Valley Central602634631577564531532534553564578616
Washingtonville Central479476524488487525529532531536539557
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central513517510477464461436462461418391414
Carmel Central715732734711682620617591597615616612
Garrison Union Free262323231812202726293136
Haldane Central90879598115126127123109108115105
Mahopac Central937879842827805750777763756746710709
Putnam Valley Central216225229225214225243232231227236236
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central988168565365616362565468
Fallsburg Central196199210213215240255235242219226233
Liberty Central248223207210211191178189212229237225
Livingston Manor Central898490798895998783929281
Monticello Central586532525519473487468497550614673691
Sullivan West Central158140129121115122116113105118147155
Tri-Valley Central126130120124122132141147148156152153
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central234241267277299305329316331329336334
Highland Central252248259253243265242236259268249245
Kingston City1,3791,3891,3701,3571,3891,4201,4601,5001,5061,5281,5091,516
Marlboro Central350327325307331315318312323338340349
New Paltz Central331328320316318332360373354375357367
Onteora Central338339307283279274277263260267268257
Rondout Valley Central449439448436411390374374370392381391
Saugerties Central465464494528531532515529516543536544
Wallkill Central476445446447441428416408415425406404

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures reflect number of residents 4-21 receiving services.




INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Maintaining
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Decreasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing


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