Housing
Homeless Persons

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Homeless Persons

What does this measure?

The number of homeless people at a given point in time (usually one night in January), per 10,000 residents.

Why is this important?

The extent of homelessness can be an indicator of a community's ability to provide stable jobs that pay a living wage as well as a measure of support for the unemployed and access to affordable housing and health care. Homelessness is related to larger issues such as poverty, employment, mental health, substance abuse and family violence. The way a community cares for its more vulnerable citizens is a marker of collaboration and its social support systems.

How is the region performing?

In 2022, the Mid-Hudson Valley region's point-in-time count reported 15 homeless people per 10,000 residents, or nearly 1,500 people. This represents a 21% decrease from 19 per 10,000 residents in 2007 and is below the regional high of 20 in 2012. Since 2007, the region's rate has consistently been below the national rate except in 2019, but higher than the state (excluding NYC). In 2022, the state (excluding NYC) and national rates were at 11 and 17 respectively.

Ulster County had the highest rate at 22 homeless people per 10,000 residents, followed by Dutchess County (21) while Orange County had the lowest rate at 8 homeless people per 10,000 residents in 2022.

Notes about the data

Data is unavailable for all counties. Region does not include Putnam County. It is very difficult to obtain an exact count of homeless persons, due to transience and to limited resources for record-keeping. Comparable data presented for available counties are currently limited to point-in-time counts done on one night in January.

Homeless Persons
2007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Region19.215.018.020.417.719.918.913.713.912.914.116.718.216.912.815.1
Columbia, Greene28.815.323.827.215.911.910.111.68.910.713.418.318.815.510.610.4
Sullivan44.017.947.551.668.181.972.317.317.421.822.325.1
Dutchess18.518.516.016.014.615.313.413.712.813.113.213.618.120.018.021.4
Orange11.28.412.113.512.013.412.311.213.29.19.212.615.311.76.98.4
Ulster19.621.617.024.114.219.624.518.919.118.323.026.024.324.118.522.4
NYS (excluding NYC)11.09.710.511.111.011.511.911.411.611.511.711.912.111.79.310.9
U.S.21.521.020.520.620.019.818.718.117.617.017.016.917.317.511.517.5

Source: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, U.S. Census
Notes: Rate is per 10,000 residents. Figures represent point-in-time counts.




Total Homeless Persons
2007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019202020212022
Region1,9881,5641,8712,1261,8442,0721,9661,4241,4401,3351,4601,7281,7541,6711,2731,498
Columbia, Greene32517226730517713211212897116144196200170117114
Sullivan343139369400525630556131130163167189
Dutchess547547474476435453397403375385388399533591536636
Orange414311450505448502459421495343350480589471280339
Ulster359395311440259355442341343328411464432439340409
NYS (excluding NYC)12,22910,86411,72412,41912,32212,89413,37012,78012,92712,82913,00213,22113,48713,32810,56212,338
U.S.647,258639,784630,227637,077623,788621,553590,364576,450564,708549,928550,996552,830567,715580,466380,630582,462

Source: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, U.S. Census
Notes: Figures represent point-in-time counts.




INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Maintaining
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Increasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Maintaining
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Increasing
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
Households Receiving SNAP Maintaining
Food Insecurity Decreasing
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Newly Diagnosed Cases of HIV Decreasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Increasing
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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