Financial Stability
People Living in Poverty

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People Living in Poverty

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What does this measure?

The estimated number of people with incomes below the poverty line, as a percentage of those for whom poverty status has been determined. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2021, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $27,479.

Why is this important?

The percentage of people living in poverty is a measure of the overall economic health of a region. It also indicates the level of need for social and government supports within the community.

How is the region performing?

In 2017-21, 11% of the residents of the Mid-Hudson Valley had incomes below the poverty line, on par with the statewide (excluding NYC) rate and lower than the national rate of 13%. The region's poverty rate rose by 1 percentage point since 2000. Within the region, Sullivan County had the highest poverty rate, at 14%, followed by Ulster at 13%. Putnam had the lowest rate by far, at 6%, followed by Dutchess, at 9%.

Some of the highest poverty rates in the Mid-Hudson Valley in 2017-21 were found in the region's larger communities, including the cities of Newburgh (21%), Poughkeepsie (19%), Kingston (19%) and Middletown (17%), and the towns of Gardiner (40%), New Paltz (21%) and Thompson (20%). Several villages also had notably high poverty rates, including Kiryas Joel (41%).

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval).

The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

People Living in Poverty
NYS (excluding NYC)10%11%12%11%
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County26%20%*25%*24%*
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County7%9%***19%**7%***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County6%4%***16%**4%**
Canaan town, Columbia County5%5%***12%**6%**
Chatham town, Columbia County7%6%***9%**7%**
Claverack town, Columbia County7%8%**13%**10%***
Clermont town, Columbia County9%10%***14%**6%***
Copake town, Columbia County8%8%***14%**7%***
Gallatin town, Columbia County6%5%***9%***7%**
Germantown town, Columbia County8%7%**5%***7%***
Ghent town, Columbia County5%10%***9%***9%***
Greenport town, Columbia County10%10%***17%**12%**
Hillsdale town, Columbia County8%10%***9%**11%***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County5%6%**7%**7%*
Livingston town, Columbia County6%16%**9%**10%***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County9%7%***8%**10%**
Stockport town, Columbia County13%10%**10%*6%***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County4%5%***17%***10%***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County9%4%***20%***9%***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County8%12%**12%**7%***
Kinderhook village, Columbia County2%9%***4%***4%***
Philmont village, Columbia County14%23%**24%***21%***
Valatie village, Columbia County11%10%***12%***7%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County11%16%*10%*9%*
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County23%25%23%19%
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County8%11%***10%***17%*
Beekman town, Dutchess County5%3%***5%**7%**
Clinton town, Dutchess County4%8%***6%**6%***
Dover town, Dutchess County8%8%**12%*18%*
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County3%4%***3%**3%**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County5%4%*9%*6%*
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County6%8%*10%*11%*
La Grange town, Dutchess County4%5%**4%*5%**
Milan town, Dutchess County5%2%***5%***11%***
North East town, Dutchess County12%8%**7%**11%**
Pawling town, Dutchess County3%4%**5%**7%*
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County9%4%***13%**14%**
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County6%6%*8%*8%**
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County6%12%*9%8%*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County9%6%*10%*9%*
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County10%6%**7%**7%*
Stanford town, Dutchess County4%7%***9%**11%**
Union Vale town, Dutchess County3%5%***3%***9%**
Wappinger town, Dutchess County4%6%**7%*5%*
Washington town, Dutchess County7%8%**10%***7%**
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County8%6%***19%***9%***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County6%13%**9%***10%**
Millerton village, Dutchess County14%9%***15%***9%***
Pawling village, Dutchess County7%8%***10%***9%***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County9%11%***18%**10%**
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County9%8%***14%***6%***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County18%19%***28%**29%***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County12%12%***15%**9%***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County16%14%***12%**15%***
Athens town, Greene County9%9%**15%**7%***
Cairo town, Greene County10%19%**12%**8%*
Catskill town, Greene County15%17%*17%*13%*
Coxsackie town, Greene County13%14%*8%**9%***
Durham town, Greene County11%14%**16%**19%**
Greenville town, Greene County9%10%***11%***5%***
Halcott town, Greene County21%7%***6%***8%***
Hunter town, Greene County19%22%*17%**18%**
Jewett town, Greene County12%16%***7%***11%***
Lexington town, Greene County13%15%***15%***7%***
New Baltimore town, Greene County7%5%***7%**2%***
Prattsville town, Greene County12%16%***20%***21%***
Windham town, Greene County9%8%***9%***8%*
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County11%6%***13%**10%***
Catskill village, Greene County19%26%*30%**19%***
Coxsackie village, Greene County13%13%***8%**7%***
Hunter village, Greene County15%17%***35%***28%***
Tannersville village, Greene County19%17%***3%***18%***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County17%17%17%17%*
Newburgh city, Orange County26%26%33%21%
Port Jervis city, Orange County17%17%*18%*24%*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County4%6%**6%**7%**
Chester town, Orange County7%3%**5%*5%**
Cornwall town, Orange County5%4%**6%**2%**
Crawford town, Orange County4%4%***8%**6%**
Deerpark town, Orange County10%11%**13%**11%*
Goshen town, Orange County4%6%*5%**6%***
Greenville town, Orange County4%7%***4%***2%***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County3%4%***5%***7%***
Highlands town, Orange County4%8%**3%**5%***
Minisink town, Orange County6%3%***5%***9%***
Monroe town, Orange County29%33%34%4%**
Montgomery town, Orange County8%6%*7%*10%*
Mount Hope town, Orange County5%7%**11%**3%***
New Windsor town, Orange County6%5%*5%*6%*
Newburgh town, Orange County4%7%*5%*9%**
Tuxedo town, Orange County4%2%***2%**11%***
Wallkill town, Orange County8%7%*11%*10%*
Warwick town, Orange County5%5%*4%*5%*
Wawayanda town, Orange County4%5%***7%**6%***
Woodbury town, Orange County3%3%***9%**4%***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County6%4%***11%**6%***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County4%7%***4%***3%***
Florida village, Orange County7%4%***2%***10%***
Goshen village, Orange County4%5%**7%***7%***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County7%7%***5%***1%***
Harriman village, Orange County2%1%***9%***3%***
Highland Falls village, Orange County5%12%**3%***9%***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County62%62%56%41%
Maybrook village, Orange County6%8%**13%**7%**
Monroe village, Orange County5%7%***8%***5%***
Montgomery village, Orange County7%1%***4%***6%***
Otisville village, Orange County8%8%***8%***4%***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County5%***11%***20%***
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County4%2%***4%***3%***
Unionville village, Orange County8%8%***3%***7%***
Walden village, Orange County10%11%***10%***22%*
Warwick village, Orange County4%6%**3%***6%***
Washingtonville village, Orange County4%6%***4%**6%**
Woodbury village, Orange County4%***9%**4%***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County3%3%**3%*5%**
Kent town, Putnam County4%4%***5%**6%**
Patterson town, Putnam County5%10%**11%**9%**
Philipstown town, Putnam County6%7%**5%**6%*
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County5%6%***5%*6%**
Southeast town, Putnam County6%6%*6%*6%**
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County14%18%***17%**19%**
Cold Spring village, Putnam County5%5%***7%***8%***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County8%2%***2%***4%***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County15%19%**13%*11%***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County10%10%***10%**6%***
Cochecton town, Sullivan County7%15%**12%***9%**
Delaware town, Sullivan County20%17%**11%*19%***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County21%24%*27%18%*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County7%6%***4%***6%***
Fremont town, Sullivan County16%8%**7%**7%***
Highland town, Sullivan County16%15%**15%*8%***
Liberty town, Sullivan County17%20%*20%*14%*
Lumberland town, Sullivan County12%16%***12%**7%***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County10%7%*10%*11%*
Neversink town, Sullivan County11%14%***6%**11%**
Rockland town, Sullivan County14%12%**21%**12%***
Thompson town, Sullivan County23%22%23%20%
Tusten town, Sullivan County9%10%***13%***13%***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County11%31%***21%***55%***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County7%20%***15%***19%***
Liberty village, Sullivan County15%18%**26%*20%*
Monticello village, Sullivan County36%29%*32%*27%*
Woodridge village, Sullivan County31%24%***34%**12%***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County11%11%***13%**8%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County16%16%18%19%
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County12%15%**8%***17%***
Esopus town, Ulster County12%6%**11%*14%*
Gardiner town, Ulster County7%3%***14%**40%
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County13%7%***20%***4%***
Hurley town, Ulster County6%4%***8%**12%***
Kingston town, Ulster County8%6%***11%***8%***
Lloyd town, Ulster County7%12%*9%**5%**
Marbletown town, Ulster County7%4%***15%**12%***
Marlborough town, Ulster County8%12%*7%*6%***
New Paltz town, Ulster County19%22%17%21%
Olive town, Ulster County5%13%***8%***12%***
Plattekill town, Ulster County10%10%*12%*6%**
Rochester town, Ulster County11%12%**8%**14%**
Rosendale town, Ulster County12%7%**8%*10%**
Saugerties town, Ulster County8%9%*9%*7%*
Shandaken town, Ulster County12%13%*13%**13%**
Shawangunk town, Ulster County13%16%***22%***7%***
Ulster town, Ulster County9%10%*13%*14%**
Wawarsing town, Ulster County19%20%*17%*18%*
Woodstock town, Ulster County10%10%**9%*14%*
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County23%25%**20%**21%***
New Paltz village, Ulster County37%40%*32%*33%*
Saugerties village, Ulster County12%15%***10%***7%**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Number of People Living in Poverty
NYS (excluding NYC)1,023,2641,172,6481,277,8051,179,434
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County1,7131,236*1,501*1,251*
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County110137***273**94***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County8153***244**72**
Canaan town, Columbia County7763***192**102**
Chatham town, Columbia County280255***364**271**
Claverack town, Columbia County410467**758**573***
Clermont town, Columbia County161206***272**113***
Copake town, Columbia County261279***512**246***
Gallatin town, Columbia County8498***154***108**
Germantown town, Columbia County157129**86***112***
Ghent town, Columbia County230493***458***458***
Greenport town, Columbia County431389***691**511**
Hillsdale town, Columbia County144197***144**185***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County373507**588**581*
Livingston town, Columbia County189536**309**367***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County211173***200**242**
Stockport town, Columbia County366284**270*172***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County93100***364***223***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County10041***225***110***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County144222**170**119***
Kinderhook village, Columbia County29115***50***55***
Philmont village, Columbia County200273**329***266***
Valatie village, Columbia County154135***157***98***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County1,4652,303*1,314*1,249*
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County6,6147,8896,7225,788
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County326499***430***621*
Beekman town, Dutchess County540395***625**841**
Clinton town, Dutchess County148349***269**231***
Dover town, Dutchess County702659**1,043*1,498*
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County7191,262***1,008**883**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County869885*1,957*1,246*
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County1,1151,512*1,880*2,044*
La Grange town, Dutchess County547839**599*780**
Milan town, Dutchess County10555***111***249***
North East town, Dutchess County369233**219**322**
Pawling town, Dutchess County241363**443**525*
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County23399***328**309**
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County510604*731*789**
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County2,1564,338*3,5443,392*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County818604*1,000*796*
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County683403**538**508*
Stanford town, Dutchess County150261***328**388**
Union Vale town, Dutchess County130237***161***429**
Wappinger town, Dutchess County1,0821,558**1,870*1,494*
Washington town, Dutchess County336385**442***295**
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County146155***404***176***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County80192**130***137**
Millerton village, Dutchess County13172***124***82***
Pawling village, Dutchess County153184***196***173***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County155200***313**197**
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County257208***330***145***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County202182***313**234***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County602649***792**515***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County12087***94**100***
Athens town, Greene County345372**586**260***
Cairo town, Greene County6471,290**760**556*
Catskill town, Greene County1,7121,917*1,885*1,428*
Coxsackie town, Greene County767842*506**505***
Durham town, Greene County294389**425**498**
Greenville town, Greene County289385***403***179***
Halcott town, Greene County4418***16***31***
Hunter town, Greene County528581*446**520**
Jewett town, Greene County116157***52***112***
Lexington town, Greene County104150***137***39***
New Baltimore town, Greene County237157***217**60***
Prattsville town, Greene County75111***144***165***
Windham town, Greene County154133***155***127*
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County18099***188**166***
Catskill village, Greene County8351,019*1,155**715***
Coxsackie village, Greene County363357***212**204***
Hunter village, Greene County7383***122***99***
Tannersville village, Greene County8472***26***109***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County4,3794,7644,6054,910*
Newburgh city, Orange County7,0207,2999,0855,964
Port Jervis city, Orange County1,5401,468*1,554*2,105*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County6761,093**993**1,390**
Chester town, Orange County862378**608*594**
Cornwall town, Orange County611486**692**318**
Crawford town, Orange County314386***747**553**
Deerpark town, Orange County754870**1,038**844*
Goshen town, Orange County502753*630**732***
Greenville town, Orange County162337***183***101***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County136194***294***365***
Highlands town, Orange County319592**273**462***
Minisink town, Orange County207112***232***397***
Monroe town, Orange County8,92412,89114,222908**
Montgomery town, Orange County1,5841,416*1,742*2,361*
Mount Hope town, Orange County240375**584**150***
New Windsor town, Orange County1,3261,360*1,266*1,615*
Newburgh town, Orange County1,0222,169*1,610*2,781**
Tuxedo town, Orange County12890***70**425***
Wallkill town, Orange County2,0271,809*2,949*2,847*
Warwick town, Orange County1,3971,497*1,395*1,655*
Wawayanda town, Orange County230393***539**452***
Woodbury town, Orange County312379***1,031**460***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County216144***427**249***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County120221***107***98***
Florida village, Orange County188112***52***277***
Goshen village, Orange County194238**373***407***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County233228***154***29***
Harriman village, Orange County4932***238***100***
Highland Falls village, Orange County173470**118***322***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County7,96512,06011,93613,012
Maybrook village, Orange County188232**403**206**
Monroe village, Orange County376585***694***453***
Montgomery village, Orange County24946***168***210***
Otisville village, Orange County7792***89***66***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County155***345***785***
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County3214***22***18***
Unionville village, Orange County4536***20***52***
Walden village, Orange County604779***685***1,520*
Warwick village, Orange County268419**224***417***
Washingtonville village, Orange County214366***248**349**
Woodbury village, Orange County379***980**460***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County9211,191**1,057*1,634**
Kent town, Putnam County567585***619**776**
Patterson town, Putnam County4951,187**1,197**966**
Philipstown town, Putnam County564692**517**632*
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County512671***641*688**
Southeast town, Putnam County1,0511,020*1,030*1,146**
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County312393***396**466**
Cold Spring village, Putnam County10880***133***154***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County4315***12***30***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County603824**543*433***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County318317***306**181***
Cochecton town, Sullivan County95193**184***129**
Delaware town, Sullivan County539470**285*418***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County2,1132,680*2,9851,944*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County5850***37***57***
Fremont town, Sullivan County218104**88**78***
Highland town, Sullivan County375390**360*185***
Liberty town, Sullivan County1,6051,894*1,792*1,390*
Lumberland town, Sullivan County227381***300**161***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County1,133896*1,157*1,371*
Neversink town, Sullivan County402503***191**378**
Rockland town, Sullivan County542447**776**398***
Thompson town, Sullivan County3,2023,2463,3163,111
Tusten town, Sullivan County129150***159***189***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County34113***89***341***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County2866***45***75***
Liberty village, Sullivan County595771**1,061*949*
Monticello village, Sullivan County2,2211,877*2,059*1,896*
Woodridge village, Sullivan County275189***331**84***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County134117***144**103***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County3,5723,8254,1904,466
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County6189**46***73***
Esopus town, Ulster County1,058562**913*1,306*
Gardiner town, Ulster County383176***770**2,244
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County2912***38***4***
Hurley town, Ulster County404259***493**738***
Kingston town, Ulster County6867***105***72***
Lloyd town, Ulster County6741,198*958**486**
Marbletown town, Ulster County429246***822**687***
Marlborough town, Ulster County6831,068*598*485***
New Paltz town, Ulster County1,9622,5841,9262,369
Olive town, Ulster County227572***346***522***
Plattekill town, Ulster County9401,005*1,250*630**
Rochester town, Ulster County783879**566**995**
Rosendale town, Ulster County730413**492*571**
Saugerties town, Ulster County1,5361,674*1,725*1,413*
Shandaken town, Ulster County405385*382**400**
Shawangunk town, Ulster County1,4512,123***2,923***913***
Ulster town, Ulster County1,0951,200*1,476*1,670**
Wawarsing town, Ulster County2,2162,315*1,913*2,021*
Woodstock town, Ulster County632610**548*869*
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County9651,045**822**886***
New Paltz village, Ulster County1,4161,847*1,322*1,488*
Saugerties village, Ulster County476584***387***276**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Decreasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
Babies with Low Birth Weights Increasing
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Increasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable