Demographics
Foreign-Born Population

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Foreign-Born Population

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What does this measure?

The percentage of the population in a region that is foreign-born, which includes anyone who is not a U.S. citizen at birth. People who become U.S. citizens through naturalization are considered foreign-born.

Why is this important?

Foreign-born Americans and their descendants have historically been a main driver of population growth, and that role will only increase in the future. According to the Pew Research Center, new immigrants and their children and grandchildren accounted for 55% of the U.S. population increase from 1965 to 2015, from 193 million to 324 million. Pew projects the population will grow to 441 million in 2065, and 88% of the increase is linked to future immigrants and their descendants. This measure also is a reflection of the composition of a community, which can offer insight into its levels of diversity.

How is the region performing?

The foreign-born share of the population in the Mid-Hudson Valley increased slightly from 2000 to 2015-19, from 8% to 10%. The percentage in 2015-19 was slightly lower than New York State excluding New York City (12%) and the U.S. (14%). The state and nation also had slight increases in foreign-born population since 2000.

Among the region's counties, foreign-born residents represented the largest share of the overall population in 2015-19 in Putnam County, at 13%, followed by Dutchess and Orange, both at 11%. Greene had the smallest share, at 6%. In raw numbers, Orange had the largest foreign-born population (about 41,000 residents), followed by Dutchess (about 33,700 residents). The two smallest were Greene, with only about 3,000 foreign-born residents, and Columbia, at 4,000.

Among the region's larger communities, Newburgh (Orange County) had one of the biggest percentages of foreign-born residents, at 22%. Poughkeepsie (Dutchess County), at 17%, also was quite a bit higher than the region as a whole.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.

Foreign-Born Population
20002010-142015-19
Region8%10%10%
Columbia County4%6%7%
Dutchess County8%12%11%
Greene County6%6%6%
Orange County8%11%11%
Putnam County9%13%13%
Sullivan County8%10%9%
Ulster County6%7%8%
NYS (excluding NYC)9%11%12%
U.S.11%13%14%
Columbia Cities
Hudson11%12%*16%*
Columbia Towns
Ancram4%6%**8%**
Austerlitz4%4%***4%**
Canaan2%3%***2%**
Chatham3%6%**3%***
Claverack3%4%**5%***
Clermont4%5%**6%**
Copake4%6%***4%***
Gallatin4%5%**9%**
Germantown5%5%**6%**
Ghent3%5%***6%**
Greenport3%6%**9%**
Hillsdale7%13%***6%**
Kinderhook2%4%**6%**
Livingston5%8%***6%**
New Lebanon4%7%***5%***
Stockport3%2%***5%***
Stuyvesant3%4%***6%***
Taghkanic7%3%***9%**
Columbia Villages
Chatham4%3%***6%***
Kinderhook4%4%***9%***
Philmont2%4%***2%***
Valatie3%3%***7%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon8%12%*10%*
Poughkeepsie14%22%17%
Dutchess Towns
Amenia5%8%**10%***
Beekman5%10%9%
Clinton4%4%**5%***
Dover6%10%*12%*
East Fishkill7%9%11%
Fishkill10%14%12%
Hyde Park5%6%*7%
La Grange7%7%*9%
Milan11%12%***9%*
North East5%12%**12%**
Pawling7%11%*10%*
Pine Plains6%5%***7%***
Pleasant Valley4%6%*7%**
Poughkeepsie11%13%15%
Red Hook6%8%*9%
Rhinebeck6%8%*10%*
Stanford5%10%***10%**
Union Vale6%8%*11%*
Wappinger10%15%12%
Washington7%10%**10%**
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill9%13%**10%**
Millbrook7%10%**9%***
Millerton5%14%***17%***
Pawling8%16%**17%*
Red Hook6%9%**13%**
Rhinebeck4%10%**15%**
Tivoli3%6%***8%***
Wappingers Falls17%26%*19%**
Greene Towns
Ashland5%9%***4%***
Athens6%5%**9%*
Cairo7%7%**5%**
Catskill5%4%**6%**
Coxsackie7%6%**6%*
Durham10%8%**4%**
Greenville8%5%***6%***
Halcott10%10%***16%***
Hunter6%8%***14%***
Jewett11%8%**10%**
Lexington9%3%***6%***
New Baltimore3%2%***2%***
Prattsville6%8%***3%***
Windham9%8%***8%***
Greene Villages
Athens3%3%***8%***
Catskill4%2%***7%***
Coxsackie3%7%***7%***
Hunter11%10%***13%***
Tannersville8%1%***5%***
Orange Cities
Middletown14%21%14%
Newburgh20%24%22%
Port Jervis3%7%**5%***
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove6%6%*9%*
Chester7%16%*8%*
Cornwall6%5%*4%*
Crawford5%6%***6%**
Deerpark3%3%**5%**
Goshen8%9%*11%*
Greenville5%7%**8%**
Hamptonburgh5%10%**8%**
Highlands6%7%*11%*
Minisink3%4%***6%***
Monroe10%11%16%
Montgomery5%7%*6%
Mount Hope7%7%*9%*
New Windsor8%12%15%
Newburgh8%9%12%
Tuxedo10%8%**11%*
Wallkill9%13%13%
Warwick5%8%*6%
Wawayanda7%7%**7%**
Woodbury6%15%*19%
Orange Villages
Chester6%25%*10%**
Cornwall-on-Hudson5%3%**5%**
Florida4%8%*8%**
Goshen8%7%*15%*
Greenwood Lake6%5%***6%***
Harriman12%24%***26%*
Highland Falls9%13%*15%**
Kiryas Joel9%7%5%
Maybrook6%13%*11%*
Monroe10%17%*16%*
Montgomery7%3%***2%**
Otisville2%4%***7%***
South Blooming Grove11%*13%*
Tuxedo Park15%7%***15%*
Unionville2%4%***10%***
Walden5%7%**6%**
Warwick6%5%**6%**
Washingtonville7%7%*8%**
Woodbury15%*17%
Putnam Towns
Carmel10%13%12%
Kent6%13%*14%
Patterson5%11%*12%*
Philipstown9%10%7%
Putnam Valley9%11%*13%*
Southeast10%16%18%
Putnam Villages
Brewster32%48%*48%*
Cold Spring8%9%*8%*
Nelsonville7%8%**11%**
Sullivan Towns
Bethel9%7%**7%**
Callicoon6%4%***5%***
Cochecton5%5%***10%**
Delaware9%11%*8%**
Fallsburg10%16%12%
Forestburgh6%7%**7%**
Fremont3%5%**3%***
Highland9%14%**7%**
Liberty8%13%*13%*
Lumberland15%12%**9%**
Mamakating5%5%*6%*
Neversink6%4%***4%***
Rockland5%4%***4%***
Thompson10%11%*13%*
Tusten4%5%*10%**
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg1%6%***7%***
Jeffersonville5%13%***2%***
Liberty10%16%*15%***
Monticello14%14%*15%*
Woodridge11%14%**3%***
Wurtsboro4%4%***6%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston5%12%*11%
Ulster Towns
Denning2%1%***10%***
Esopus5%5%***7%**
Gardiner6%8%**5%***
Hardenburgh5%3%***4%***
Hurley5%6%*4%**
Kingston1%3%***2%***
Lloyd6%6%**8%*
Marbletown3%7%***10%**
Marlborough6%7%*6%*
New Paltz11%8%9%
Olive7%8%**7%**
Plattekill5%5%*8%*
Rochester6%4%**12%**
Rosendale4%3%***4%**
Saugerties4%6%*5%*
Shandaken12%13%**8%**
Shawangunk4%4%*7%*
Ulster4%8%*8%*
Wawarsing10%11%11%*
Woodstock7%9%*6%*
Ulster Villages
Ellenville11%10%**14%***
New Paltz15%10%*11%*
Saugerties6%8%***6%**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of Foreign-Born People
20002010-142015-19
Region82,916117,100115,411
Columbia County2,7793,6454,049
Dutchess County23,60034,77733,694
Greene County3,0642,7453,000
Orange County28,71042,11540,957
Putnam County8,42012,82612,740
Sullivan County5,8757,5817,026
Ulster County10,46813,41113,945
NYS (excluding NYC)997,1011,272,2181,319,088
U.S.31,107,88941,056,88544,011,870
Columbia Cities
Hudson792783*983*
Columbia Towns
Ancram6398**99**
Austerlitz6462***67**
Canaan4246***39**
Chatham140261**109***
Claverack216265**304***
Clermont7186**128**
Copake130227***151***
Gallatin5585**146**
Germantown10196**114**
Ghent169265***286**
Greenport125232**373**
Hillsdale116217***101**
Kinderhook202310**456**
Livingston164286***216**
New Lebanon104166***118***
Stockport8844***137***
Stuyvesant6182***128***
Taghkanic7634***94**
Columbia Villages
Chatham6444***92***
Kinderhook4660***121***
Philmont3561***23***
Valatie4550***118***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon1,1741,705*1,396*
Poughkeepsie4,1386,6945,303
Dutchess Towns
Amenia205362**419***
Beekman5321,4421,266
Clinton173192**208***
Dover489851*1,006*
East Fishkill1,8212,7023,092
Fishkill2,0723,1732,989
Hyde Park1,0191,392*1,566
La Grange1,1151,167*1,345
Milan490273***224*
North East142360**343**
Pawling559903*851*
Pine Plains149133***175***
Pleasant Valley357613*633**
Poughkeepsie4,5245,9986,502
Red Hook662935*957
Rhinebeck486583*749*
Stanford176393***387**
Union Vale264407*526*
Wappinger2,7344,0493,294
Washington319450**463**
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill155244**199**
Millbrook93144**127***
Millerton43110***156***
Pawling178359**339*
Red Hook118155**238**
Rhinebeck127255**373**
Tivoli3969***86***
Wappingers Falls8241,414*1,046**
Greene Towns
Ashland3567***32***
Athens225187**366*
Cairo475488**344**
Catskill544494**640**
Coxsackie606504**547*
Durham266215**95**
Greenville253199***203***
Halcott2124***56***
Hunter170204***372***
Jewett10765**96**
Lexington7330***40***
New Baltimore10181***57***
Prattsville3752***23***
Windham151135***129***
Greene Villages
Athens4740***130***
Catskill19467***285***
Coxsackie92184***179***
Hunter5151***43***
Tannersville365***40***
Orange Cities
Middletown3,4235,8483,794
Newburgh5,7426,9136,127
Port Jervis268610**466***
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove1,1121,089*1,530*
Chester8461,875*923*
Cornwall711648*529*
Crawford401516***580**
Deerpark234215**352**
Goshen1,0231,226*1,569*
Greenville189304**366**
Hamptonburgh233544**418**
Highlands697912*1,331*
Minisink111182***277***
Monroe3,0294,4833,132
Montgomery1,0721,637*1,404
Mount Hope495481*608*
New Windsor1,8562,9793,968
Newburgh2,0942,8073,577
Tuxedo335302**386*
Wallkill2,1993,7153,672
Warwick1,6662,540*1,848
Wawayanda449536**535**
Woodbury5251,753*2,251
Orange Villages
Chester228988*406**
Cornwall-on-Hudson14090**149**
Florida107228*222**
Goshen433392*822*
Greenwood Lake185162***187***
Harriman276664***776*
Highland Falls315504*578**
Kiryas Joel1,1721,3931,303
Maybrook187407*378*
Monroe8001,422*1,403*
Montgomery244132***113**
Otisville2345***87***
South Blooming Grove362*416*
Tuxedo Park11340***83*
Unionville924***50***
Walden278508**384**
Warwick367361**398**
Washingtonville404424*485**
Woodbury1,561*1,882
Putnam Towns
Carmel3,3174,4803,970
Kent8821,747*1,846
Patterson6191,353*1,411*
Philipstown856925687
Putnam Valley9501,319*1,555*
Southeast1,7963,0023,271
Putnam Villages
Brewster6971,132*1,073*
Cold Spring159164*149*
Nelsonville4161**74**
Sullivan Towns
Bethel370316**297**
Callicoon180124***149***
Cochecton6367***149**
Delaware232277*210**
Fallsburg1,2012,0631,524
Forestburgh4865**84**
Fremont4673**42***
Highland206335**157**
Liberty7861,232*1,179*
Lumberland295307**201**
Mamakating593634*718*
Neversink213157***131***
Rockland190141***155***
Thompson1,3971,725*1,900*
Tusten5565*130**
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg328***26***
Jeffersonville2242***8***
Liberty395699*613***
Monticello900949*954*
Woodridge102117**24***
Wurtsboro4841***71***
Ulster Cities
Kingston1,2002,918*2,616
Ulster Towns
Denning97***48***
Esopus432427***617**
Gardiner328438**258***
Hardenburgh126***11***
Hurley305372*241**
Kingston1030***23***
Lloyd579618**789*
Marbletown169368***549**
Marlborough517652*502*
New Paltz1,4311,1631,278
Olive335372**298**
Plattekill516521*800*
Rochester410290**873**
Rosendale233190***240**
Saugerties8081,079*1,012*
Shandaken384377**226**
Shawangunk528583*925*
Ulster5421,022*942*
Wawarsing1,2771,4741,347*
Woodstock443504*350*
Ulster Villages
Ellenville462405**545***
New Paltz935690*817*
Saugerties284312***215**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Maintaining
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Decreasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing


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