Financial Stability
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2018-22

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People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2018-22

What does this measure?

The estimated proportion of people in various racial and ethnic groups with incomes below the poverty line. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2022, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $29,678.

Why is this important?

The percentage of people in poverty in various race and ethnic groups is a measure of the overall economic health of these groups. It also indicates the level of need for social and government supports.

How is the region performing?

In 2018-22, poverty rates in the Mid-Hudson Valley were highest among Black or African American residents at 18%, and Hispanic residents at 14%, followed by White residents at 10% and Asian residents at 12%. The differences between the groups were similar to those at the statewide (excluding NYC) and national levels, though the region's poverty rates among African American residents is 2 percentage points lower than the state. Poverty rates for African American and Latino residents were 3 points lower than the nation. Asians saw a rate 2 percentage points above the nation, while White residents mirrored the nation. From 2008-12 through 2018-22, poverty rates decreased or stayed the same for all groups in the region except Asian residents, for whom the rate increased. The rate remained unchanged for White residents and dropped 2 and 3 points for African American and Latino residents, respectively.

Among counties with statistically reliable results, the Hispanic poverty rate varied widely from 13% in Orange and Dutchess, to 27% in Ulster. The rate for White residents was highest in Orange, Sullivan and Ulster counties, at 13%, and lowest in Putnam, at 5%. The populations in most local areas, when broken down by race and ethnicity, were too small to yield reliable survey results.

Why do these disparities exist?

These large and persistent disparities in poverty rates are the result of historic and current policies and practices that disadvantaged people of color. Research has connected slavery and the inability of Black Americans even after emancipation to fully participate in economic life to the wealth and income gaps still present today. In addition, these differences are attributed to the complex interplay of conditions including gender, occupation, family structure, education, employment status, wages, incarceration, unemployment and discrimination. African American workers across industries tend to earn lower wages than their White and Asian American peers. While education, especially the absence of a high school diploma, increases the likelihood of poverty, education credentials do not eliminate racial disparities. African Americans experience unemployment at twice the rate of Whites regardless of education level. Also, the disproportionate and systemic incarceration of Black and Latino males decreases job prospects and increases the likelihood of poverty.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). For some small areas, Census did not have enough data to report results at all and N/A is shown in the data table.

The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2018-22
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoWhite
NYS (excluding NYC)11%20%15%9%
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County27%***45%***3%***19%**
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County0%***0%***5%***6%***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County0%***N/A***7%***4%**
Canaan town, Columbia County5%***100%***4%***8%***
Chatham town, Columbia County55%***100%***0%***8%**
Claverack town, Columbia County33%***17%***6%***8%***
Clermont town, Columbia County0%***100%***0%***7%**
Copake town, Columbia County35%***100%***0%***9%***
Gallatin town, Columbia County0%***33%***7%***5%***
Germantown town, Columbia County0%***0%***6%***8%***
Ghent town, Columbia County0%***27%***0%***5%***
Greenport town, Columbia County17%***8%***43%***12%**
Hillsdale town, Columbia CountyN/A***15%***0%***12%**
Kinderhook town, Columbia County15%***73%***11%***7%**
Livingston town, Columbia County35%***42%***0%***16%***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County23%***N/A***0%***10%**
Stockport town, Columbia CountyN/A***2%***5%***9%***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia CountyN/A***50%***28%***10%***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County50%***100%***6%***5%***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County55%***0%***0%***8%**
Kinderhook village, Columbia County0%***N/A***6%***4%***
Philmont village, Columbia County0%***22%***13%***12%***
Valatie village, Columbia CountyN/A***0%***39%***4%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County1%***13%***15%***6%*
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County55%***29%*17%**9%*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County0%***38%***29%***14%***
Beekman town, Dutchess County25%***14%***14%***4%***
Clinton town, Dutchess County0%***37%***15%***5%**
Dover town, Dutchess County0%***32%***18%***13%**
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County0%***1%***9%***3%**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County17%***12%***4%***5%*
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County22%***14%***34%**9%*
La Grange town, Dutchess County18%***9%***16%***3%*
Milan town, Dutchess County0%***63%***13%***12%***
North East town, Dutchess County0%***5%***1%***12%***
Pawling town, Dutchess County0%***3%***13%***4%**
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County0%***75%***1%***11%**
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County11%***7%***5%***6%*
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County8%***4%***8%***8%*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County20%***13%***17%***8%*
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County3%***59%***8%***6%**
Stanford town, Dutchess County26%***77%***26%***8%***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County0%***12%***3%***10%**
Wappinger town, Dutchess County4%***13%***7%**5%*
Washington town, Dutchess County0%***34%***23%***9%**
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County0%***0%***0%***5%***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County0%***33%***40%***11%**
Millerton village, Dutchess County0%***0%***2%***5%***
Pawling village, Dutchess County0%***18%***27%***6%***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County36%***58%***0%***8%*
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County5%***100%***16%***3%***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County73%***11%***83%***24%***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County6%***12%***8%***3%***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County0%***0%***0%***9%***
Athens town, Greene County0%***22%***0%***6%***
Cairo town, Greene County0%***35%***19%***9%**
Catskill town, Greene County50%***11%***10%***15%*
Coxsackie town, Greene CountyN/A***83%***37%***5%***
Durham town, Greene County0%***93%***0%***10%***
Greenville town, Greene County0%***0%***0%***3%***
Halcott town, Greene County0%***N/A***0%***16%***
Hunter town, Greene County0%***0%***32%***20%**
Jewett town, Greene County0%***N/A***6%***10%***
Lexington town, Greene County0%***N/A***0%***11%***
New Baltimore town, Greene CountyN/A***0%***0%***6%***
Prattsville town, Greene CountyN/A***0%***0%***21%**
Windham town, Greene County0%***0%***0%***4%***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County0%***83%***0%***10%***
Catskill village, Greene County50%***15%***11%***15%***
Coxsackie village, Greene CountyN/A***100%***0%***5%***
Hunter village, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***0%***27%***
Tannersville village, Greene CountyN/A***0%***0%***18%***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County4%***11%***22%*13%**
Newburgh city, Orange County0%***32%**22%*26%*
Port Jervis city, Orange County72%***36%***25%***20%**
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County28%***10%***7%***14%*
Chester town, Orange County0%***0%***1%***9%*
Cornwall town, Orange County21%***1%***3%***4%*
Crawford town, Orange County0%***13%***6%***5%***
Deerpark town, Orange County0%***5%***13%***10%**
Goshen town, Orange County11%***1%***6%***3%**
Greenville town, Orange County0%***0%***1%***4%***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County68%***0%***0%***6%***
Highlands town, Orange County0%***2%***11%***5%**
Minisink town, Orange CountyN/A***0%***7%***15%***
Monroe town, Orange County0%***7%***7%***6%***
Montgomery town, Orange County0%***26%***17%***8%*
Mount Hope town, Orange County4%***21%***4%***4%***
New Windsor town, Orange County3%***8%***6%***7%*
Newburgh town, Orange County11%***6%***6%***7%**
Tuxedo town, Orange County4%***4%***21%***5%**
Wallkill town, Orange County14%***16%*14%**8%*
Warwick town, Orange County4%***11%***20%***5%*
Wawayanda town, Orange County0%***4%***12%***6%***
Woodbury town, Orange County0%***20%***5%***5%***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County0%***0%***3%***5%***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County0%***0%***2%***3%***
Florida village, Orange County0%***43%***1%***8%***
Goshen village, Orange County0%***0%***0%***2%***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County0%***0%***85%***0%***
Harriman village, Orange County0%***20%***3%***5%***
Highland Falls village, Orange County0%***2%***16%***7%***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County0%***0%***18%***44%
Maybrook village, Orange CountyN/A***2%***3%***10%**
Monroe village, Orange County0%***12%***9%***4%***
Montgomery village, Orange County0%***50%***38%***7%***
Otisville village, Orange County9%***52%***10%***9%***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange CountyN/A***18%***38%***43%**
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County25%***N/A***0%***2%***
Unionville village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***52%***17%***
Walden village, Orange County0%***17%***13%***16%***
Warwick village, Orange County0%***0%***9%***7%**
Washingtonville village, Orange County43%***7%***6%***8%**
Woodbury village, Orange County0%***15%***5%***5%***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County0%***13%***5%***3%*
Kent town, Putnam County0%***6%***13%***6%**
Patterson town, Putnam County29%***15%***11%**10%*
Philipstown town, Putnam County0%***11%***11%***8%*
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County62%***0%***2%***5%***
Southeast town, Putnam County34%***8%***10%***5%*
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County0%***21%***19%***18%**
Cold Spring village, Putnam County0%***27%***12%***8%***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County0%***N/A***0%***7%***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County0%***63%***0%***14%***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County16%***100%***31%***9%**
Cochecton town, Sullivan County0%***25%***25%***7%**
Delaware town, Sullivan County0%***13%***35%***20%***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County0%***34%***19%***15%*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County0%***0%***42%***6%***
Fremont town, Sullivan County0%***71%***26%***5%***
Highland town, Sullivan County0%***95%***15%***4%***
Liberty town, Sullivan County15%***43%***16%***13%**
Lumberland town, Sullivan County0%***N/A***14%***8%***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County26%***7%***4%***14%*
Neversink town, Sullivan County0%***23%***19%***9%***
Rockland town, Sullivan County54%***71%***8%***13%***
Thompson town, Sullivan County4%***27%***21%***16%*
Tusten town, Sullivan County0%***18%***15%***11%***
Sullivan School Districts
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan CountyN/A***N/A***0%***62%***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County0%***100%***28%***20%***
Liberty village, Sullivan County0%***42%***8%***18%**
Monticello village, Sullivan County7%***32%***25%***22%***
Woodridge village, Sullivan County0%***4%***18%***11%***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County0%***0%***0%***12%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County2%***20%**44%**15%*
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County0%***N/A***0%***25%**
Esopus town, Ulster County100%***7%***44%***20%*
Gardiner town, Ulster County98%***98%*79%**45%
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County0%***N/A***0%***1%***
Hurley town, Ulster County0%***0%***26%***9%***
Kingston town, Ulster CountyN/A***0%***9%***8%***
Lloyd town, Ulster County0%***11%***35%***6%**
Marbletown town, Ulster County0%***0%***7%***16%**
Marlborough town, Ulster County7%***1%***17%***5%***
New Paltz town, Ulster County34%***51%***19%***22%*
Olive town, Ulster County27%***0%***41%***10%***
Plattekill town, Ulster County0%***32%***12%***5%***
Rochester town, Ulster County0%***16%***2%***14%**
Rosendale town, Ulster County0%***30%***44%***9%*
Saugerties town, Ulster County13%***15%***19%***7%*
Shandaken town, Ulster County10%***100%***52%***18%**
Shawangunk town, Ulster County10%***49%***24%***9%*
Ulster town, Ulster County12%***16%***9%***13%**
Wawarsing town, Ulster County11%***57%***25%***17%*
Woodstock town, Ulster County49%***21%***39%***10%*
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster CountyN/A***58%***24%***19%***
New Paltz village, Ulster County43%***68%***40%***36%*
Saugerties village, Ulster County61%***0%***12%***12%*

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not shown where sample sizes were too small. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

Number of People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2018-22
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoWhite
NYS (excluding NYC)55,350187,993199,564755,230
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County189***307***10***700**
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County0***0***4***73***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County0***0***3***67**
Canaan town, Columbia County1***6***1***117***
Chatham town, Columbia County6***10***0***308**
Claverack town, Columbia County17***43***7***409***
Clermont town, Columbia County0***4***0***150**
Copake town, Columbia County9***27***0***259***
Gallatin town, Columbia County0***4***3***72***
Germantown town, Columbia County0***0***7***125***
Ghent town, Columbia County0***30***0***237***
Greenport town, Columbia County62***22***60***386**
Hillsdale town, Columbia County0***2***0***187**
Kinderhook town, Columbia County9***11***67***515**
Livingston town, Columbia County17***71***0***459***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County3***0***0***225**
Stockport town, Columbia County0***1***14***202***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County0***6***39***214***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County5***29***8***56***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County6***0***0***126**
Kinderhook village, Columbia County0***0***9***56***
Philmont village, Columbia County0***43***7***150***
Valatie village, Columbia County0***0***54***49***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County1***275***407***528*
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County258***3,041*1,146**1,296*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County0***35***249***432***
Beekman town, Dutchess County91***154***168***352***
Clinton town, Dutchess County0***56***29***196**
Dover town, Dutchess County0***151***224***904**
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County2***8***357***651**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County169***166***127***806*
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County83***228***485**1,406*
La Grange town, Dutchess County89***87***334***422*
Milan town, Dutchess County0***40***17***240***
North East town, Dutchess County0***7***5***265***
Pawling town, Dutchess County0***17***139***261**
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County0***9***1***206**
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County16***17***51***520*
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County200***195***376***2,245*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County28***48***79***595*
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County5***83***41***393**
Stanford town, Dutchess County21***44***136***223***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County0***17***14***370**
Wappinger town, Dutchess County46***290***385**912*
Washington town, Dutchess County0***20***61***383**
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County0***0***0***86***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County0***17***18***132**
Millerton village, Dutchess County0***0***5***25***
Pawling village, Dutchess County0***12***117***96***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County12***19***0***124*
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County5***12***39***65***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County16***1***38***178***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County13***96***94***134***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County0***0***0***49***
Athens town, Greene County0***20***0***220***
Cairo town, Greene County0***15***48***567**
Catskill town, Greene County30***92***92***1,354*
Coxsackie town, Greene County0***19***75***266***
Durham town, Greene County0***163***0***216***
Greenville town, Greene County0***0***0***110***
Halcott town, Greene County0***0***0***31***
Hunter town, Greene County0***0***29***576**
Jewett town, Greene County0***0***12***78***
Lexington town, Greene County0***0***0***64***
New Baltimore town, Greene County0***0***0***167***
Prattsville town, Greene County0***0***0***151**
Windham town, Greene County0***0***0***49***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County0***20***0***154***
Catskill village, Greene County30***87***30***430***
Coxsackie village, Greene County0***3***0***125***
Hunter village, Greene County0***0***0***81***
Tannersville village, Greene County0***0***0***77***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County42***813***2,644*1,514**
Newburgh city, Orange County0***2,315**3,104*2,298*
Port Jervis city, Orange County318***300***386***1,191**
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County46***92***319***2,067*
Chester town, Orange County0***0***26***746*
Cornwall town, Orange County68***2***45***394*
Crawford town, Orange County0***89***93***347***
Deerpark town, Orange County0***28***65***551**
Goshen town, Orange County25***2***143***355**
Greenville town, Orange County0***0***7***156***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County144***0***0***232***
Highlands town, Orange County0***20***207***337**
Minisink town, Orange County0***0***45***568***
Monroe town, Orange County0***120***405***872***
Montgomery town, Orange County0***608***735***1,363*
Mount Hope town, Orange County13***45***37***164***
New Windsor town, Orange County37***378***401***1,118*
Newburgh town, Orange County106***297***441***1,303**
Tuxedo town, Orange County2***19***114***151**
Wallkill town, Orange County203***994*1,045**1,239*
Warwick town, Orange County21***120***702***1,370*
Wawayanda town, Orange County0***28***145***320***
Woodbury town, Orange County0***248***163***346***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County0***0***26***132***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County0***0***4***93***
Florida village, Orange County0***108***8***157***
Goshen village, Orange County0***0***0***98***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County0***0***321***0***
Harriman village, Orange County0***108***25***84***
Highland Falls village, Orange County0***20***134***125***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County0***0***151***14,539
Maybrook village, Orange County0***7***25***207**
Monroe village, Orange County0***101***262***269***
Montgomery village, Orange County0***373***408***187***
Otisville village, Orange County13***28***27***83***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County0***32***132***1,462**
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County2***0***0***11***
Unionville village, Orange County0***0***37***93***
Walden village, Orange County0***192***203***609***
Warwick village, Orange County0***0***60***432**
Washingtonville village, Orange County34***40***81***294**
Woodbury village, Orange County0***140***163***346***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County0***60***229***966*
Kent town, Putnam County0***31***408***536**
Patterson town, Putnam County52***126***257**865*
Philipstown town, Putnam County0***33***69***663*
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County261***1***27***441***
Southeast town, Putnam County230***37***457***603*
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County0***9***289***197**
Cold Spring village, Putnam County0***4***13***142***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County0***0***0***42***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County0***40***1***477***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County8***34***60***242**
Cochecton town, Sullivan County0***6***16***85**
Delaware town, Sullivan County0***34***51***367***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County0***485***463***1,177*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County0***0***19***47***
Fremont town, Sullivan County0***15***56***55***
Highland town, Sullivan County0***42***27***86***
Liberty town, Sullivan County21***343***503***892**
Lumberland town, Sullivan County0***0***28***146***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County36***24***46***1,519*
Neversink town, Sullivan County0***42***55***272***
Rockland town, Sullivan County21***12***31***355***
Thompson town, Sullivan County31***590***850***1,636*
Tusten town, Sullivan County0***15***13***135***
Sullivan School Districts
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County0***0***0***563***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County0***34***23***62***
Liberty village, Sullivan County0***274***194***428**
Monticello village, Sullivan County23***488***678***740***
Woodridge village, Sullivan County0***3***21***70***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County0***0***0***127***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County6***654**1,568**2,342*
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County0***0***0***112**
Esopus town, Ulster County16***48***390***1,499*
Gardiner town, Ulster County208***570*377**1,736
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County0***0***0***1***
Hurley town, Ulster County0***0***179***485***
Kingston town, Ulster County0***0***10***71***
Lloyd town, Ulster County0***73***272***494**
Marbletown town, Ulster County0***0***20***738**
Marlborough town, Ulster County4***3***121***375***
New Paltz town, Ulster County114***396***224***2,128*
Olive town, Ulster County29***0***51***385***
Plattekill town, Ulster County0***157***315***432***
Rochester town, Ulster County0***18***8***863**
Rosendale town, Ulster County0***78***158***419*
Saugerties town, Ulster County14***34***220***1,141*
Shandaken town, Ulster County19***17***86***413**
Shawangunk town, Ulster County9***161***200***883*
Ulster town, Ulster County39***88***105***1,299**
Wawarsing town, Ulster County4***243***658***1,487*
Woodstock town, Ulster County99***18***114***569*
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County0***163***398***503***
New Paltz village, Ulster County114***259***129***1,379*
Saugerties village, Ulster County14***0***27***414*

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not shown where sample sizes were too small. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2008-12
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoWhite
NYS (excluding NYC)12%23%19%9%
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County17%***25%***46%***23%*
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County0%***0%***21%***14%**
Austerlitz town, Columbia County0%***N/A***0%***7%***
Canaan town, Columbia County68%***0%***0%***5%***
Chatham town, Columbia County1%***0%***9%***6%***
Claverack town, Columbia County0%***53%***13%***7%**
Clermont town, Columbia County0%***0%***15%***10%**
Copake town, Columbia County43%***100%***0%***12%***
Gallatin town, Columbia County0%***N/A***0%***4%***
Germantown town, Columbia CountyN/A***75%***0%***5%***
Ghent town, Columbia County0%***0%***2%***5%**
Greenport town, Columbia County0%***24%***63%***11%***
Hillsdale town, Columbia CountyN/A***0%***0%***12%***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County0%***24%***18%***5%**
Livingston town, Columbia County0%***25%***47%***11%**
New Lebanon town, Columbia County69%***0%***0%***10%**
Stockport town, Columbia County0%***0%***100%***11%***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County64%***0%***0%***6%***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County0%***100%***7%***14%***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County0%***0%***24%***12%**
Kinderhook village, Columbia County0%***6%***55%***7%***
Philmont village, Columbia County0%***0%***77%***19%**
Valatie village, Columbia County0%***0%***8%***13%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County0%***30%***20%**9%*
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County35%***34%34%*17%*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County16%***30%***29%***6%***
Beekman town, Dutchess County0%***5%***0%***3%***
Clinton town, Dutchess County0%***27%***49%***8%***
Dover town, Dutchess County0%***0%***18%***8%**
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County0%***9%***13%***3%**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County1%***7%***11%***5%**
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County9%***5%***13%***8%*
La Grange town, Dutchess County10%***14%***12%***4%***
Milan town, Dutchess County0%***5%***0%***2%***
North East town, Dutchess County0%***18%***17%***6%***
Pawling town, Dutchess County0%***10%***14%***4%**
Pine Plains town, Dutchess CountyN/A***43%***1%***7%***
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County0%***1%***22%***9%*
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County6%***14%***7%***10%*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County5%***4%***11%***7%*
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County0%***10%***20%***4%**
Stanford town, Dutchess CountyN/A***24%***35%***3%***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County0%***27%***9%***4%***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County14%***2%***7%***5%**
Washington town, Dutchess County10%***100%***17%***5%**
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County0%***0%***0%***6%***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County0%***100%***20%***8%**
Millerton village, Dutchess CountyN/A***0%***39%***10%***
Pawling village, Dutchess County0%***80%***16%***6%***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County75%***13%***10%***9%***
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County0%***60%***67%***7%***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County0%***100%***0%***19%***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County42%***4%***15%***5%***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene CountyN/A***0%***0%***14%***
Athens town, Greene County14%***47%***23%***11%**
Cairo town, Greene CountyN/A***69%***40%***22%**
Catskill town, Greene County0%***12%***9%***16%*
Coxsackie town, Greene County0%***20%***24%***11%**
Durham town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***100%***15%**
Greenville town, Greene CountyN/A***0%***100%***8%***
Halcott town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***6%***
Hunter town, Greene County0%***100%***5%***23%*
Jewett town, Greene County0%***N/A***0%***16%***
Lexington town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***69%***19%***
New Baltimore town, Greene CountyN/A***0%***N/A***6%***
Prattsville town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***17%***
Windham town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***0%***11%**
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County0%***10%***54%***8%***
Catskill village, Greene CountyN/A***18%***10%***22%**
Coxsackie village, Greene CountyN/A***15%***0%***11%**
Hunter village, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***20%***
Tannersville village, Greene CountyN/A***100%***0%***13%***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County18%***14%**29%*13%*
Newburgh city, Orange County6%***39%23%*18%*
Port Jervis city, Orange County13%***21%***12%***18%*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County0%***4%***2%***5%***
Chester town, Orange County1%***3%***5%***2%***
Cornwall town, Orange County0%***0%***1%***5%**
Crawford town, Orange CountyN/A***1%***1%***5%***
Deerpark town, Orange County11%***0%***16%***12%**
Goshen town, Orange County3%***2%***7%***7%**
Greenville town, Orange County0%***1%***1%***8%***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County0%***12%***0%***2%***
Highlands town, Orange County0%***2%***13%***8%**
Minisink town, Orange County100%***0%***1%***3%***
Monroe town, Orange County1%***2%***21%***37%
Montgomery town, Orange County0%***11%***10%***5%*
Mount Hope town, Orange County5%***12%***13%***7%**
New Windsor town, Orange County2%***6%***7%***4%**
Newburgh town, Orange County21%***10%***14%***5%*
Tuxedo town, Orange County0%***0%***2%***2%***
Wallkill town, Orange County9%***6%***8%**6%*
Warwick town, Orange County4%***6%***9%***5%*
Wawayanda town, Orange County39%***2%***11%***6%***
Woodbury town, Orange County1%***0%***0%***5%***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County3%***0%***11%***3%***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County0%***0%***0%***8%***
Florida village, Orange County0%***25%***0%***4%***
Goshen village, Orange County5%***3%***2%***5%***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***9%***8%***
Harriman village, Orange County0%***0%***4%***2%***
Highland Falls village, Orange County0%***2%***5%***14%***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County0%***100%***44%***60%
Maybrook village, Orange County0%***4%***0%***9%**
Monroe village, Orange County2%***0%***39%***11%***
Montgomery village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***0%***1%***
Otisville village, Orange County0%***26%***0%***10%***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County0%***4%***9%***5%***
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County0%***N/A***12%***0%***
Unionville village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***0%***8%***
Walden village, Orange County0%***22%***20%***8%***
Warwick village, Orange County100%***0%***31%***5%***
Washingtonville village, Orange County0%***5%***1%***6%***
Woodbury village, Orange County1%***0%***0%***6%***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County36%***6%***4%***3%**
Kent town, Putnam County0%***3%***11%***4%***
Patterson town, Putnam County16%***29%***21%**8%**
Philipstown town, Putnam County3%***72%***23%***7%**
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County0%***1%***7%***5%***
Southeast town, Putnam County3%***4%***23%**6%**
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County0%***0%***29%***19%***
Cold Spring village, Putnam County11%***0%***28%***8%***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County0%***33%***1%***3%***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County18%***63%***34%***13%**
Callicoon town, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***28%***12%***
Cochecton town, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***44%***12%***
Delaware town, Sullivan County0%***74%***50%***9%**
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County14%***44%**16%**20%*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County0%***0%***57%***6%***
Fremont town, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***0%***7%***
Highland town, Sullivan County0%***31%***55%***16%***
Liberty town, Sullivan County4%***31%***22%**16%*
Lumberland town, Sullivan County0%***0%***30%***18%**
Mamakating town, Sullivan County0%***9%***16%***9%*
Neversink town, Sullivan CountyN/A***5%***12%***10%**
Rockland town, Sullivan County0%***0%***34%***17%**
Thompson town, Sullivan County9%***35%**25%**19%*
Tusten town, Sullivan CountyN/A***7%***0%***13%**
Sullivan School Districts
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***40%***16%***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***0%***31%***
Liberty village, Sullivan County0%***26%***16%***14%**
Monticello village, Sullivan County19%***43%**28%**20%**
Woodridge village, Sullivan CountyN/A***2%***31%***19%**
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan CountyN/A***15%***0%***13%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County11%***17%**28%**17%
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster CountyN/A***0%***0%***12%**
Esopus town, Ulster County5%***16%***12%***7%**
Gardiner town, Ulster County0%***10%***19%***12%***
Hardenburgh town, Ulster CountyN/A***N/A***0%***9%***
Hurley town, Ulster County0%***1%***16%***4%***
Kingston town, Ulster County0%***0%***0%***8%***
Lloyd town, Ulster County18%***21%***24%***7%**
Marbletown town, Ulster County0%***100%***0%***5%**
Marlborough town, Ulster County23%***0%***47%***9%**
New Paltz town, Ulster County37%***45%***24%***22%
Olive town, Ulster County0%***96%***0%***11%**
Plattekill town, Ulster County0%***5%***10%***13%**
Rochester town, Ulster County0%***8%***11%***12%**
Rosendale town, Ulster CountyN/A***16%***4%***6%**
Saugerties town, Ulster County0%***20%***18%***8%*
Shandaken town, Ulster County0%***39%***27%***11%**
Shawangunk town, Ulster County46%***71%***37%***17%*
Ulster town, Ulster County14%***8%***36%***11%*
Wawarsing town, Ulster County40%***33%***19%***18%*
Woodstock town, Ulster County2%***6%***4%***11%*
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County34%***36%***27%***18%**
New Paltz village, Ulster County64%***69%***49%***38%*
Saugerties village, Ulster CountyN/A***0%***45%***14%**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not shown where sample sizes were too small. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

Number of People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2008-12
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoWhite
NYS (excluding NYC)44,826211,089195,087817,053
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County52***332***264***904*
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County0***0***15***189**
Austerlitz town, Columbia County0***0***0***87***
Canaan town, Columbia County23***0***0***61***
Chatham town, Columbia County1***0***2***253***
Claverack town, Columbia County0***18***36***383**
Clermont town, Columbia County0***0***23***187**
Copake town, Columbia County6***19***0***418***
Gallatin town, Columbia County0***0***0***67***
Germantown town, Columbia County0***9***0***87***
Ghent town, Columbia County0***0***2***264**
Greenport town, Columbia County0***29***70***408***
Hillsdale town, Columbia County0***0***0***211***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County0***28***38***347**
Livingston town, Columbia County0***16***156***358**
New Lebanon town, Columbia County72***0***0***205**
Stockport town, Columbia County0***0***9***292***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County7***0***0***128***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County0***1***2***143***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County0***0***4***211**
Kinderhook village, Columbia County0***2***17***83***
Philmont village, Columbia County0***0***36***221**
Valatie village, Columbia County0***0***7***163***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County0***748***630**899*
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County196***3,6712,075*2,539*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County9***48***189***219***
Beekman town, Dutchess County0***21***1***393***
Clinton town, Dutchess County0***32***88***300***
Dover town, Dutchess County0***0***179***567**
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County3***103***266***797**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County12***90***206***808**
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County32***47***99***1,449*
La Grange town, Dutchess County59***65***121***530***
Milan town, Dutchess County0***2***0***56***
North East town, Dutchess County0***14***38***158***
Pawling town, Dutchess County0***16***142***313**
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County0***3***1***164***
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County0***4***120***765*
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County157***526***247***2,888*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County15***2***32***625*
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County0***19***55***280**
Stanford town, Dutchess County0***54***114***111***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County0***13***18***184***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County329***53***261***920**
Washington town, Dutchess County5***12***25***244**
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County0***0***0***96***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County0***12***9***105**
Millerton village, Dutchess County0***0***38***57***
Pawling village, Dutchess County0***12***77***120***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County15***1***13***151***
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County0***15***45***161***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County0***1***0***172***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County294***9***196***156***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County0***0***0***100***
Athens town, Greene County17***47***62***408**
Cairo town, Greene County0***20***36***1,442**
Catskill town, Greene County0***76***62***1,520*
Coxsackie town, Greene County0***72***102***629**
Durham town, Greene County0***0***84***416**
Greenville town, Greene County0***0***21***289***
Halcott town, Greene County0***0***0***16***
Hunter town, Greene County0***5***5***556*
Jewett town, Greene County0***0***0***140***
Lexington town, Greene County0***0***33***193***
New Baltimore town, Greene County0***0***0***189***
Prattsville town, Greene County0***0***0***110***
Windham town, Greene County0***0***0***173**
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County0***2***35***109***
Catskill village, Greene County0***69***34***712**
Coxsackie village, Greene County0***47***0***281**
Hunter village, Greene County0***0***0***95***
Tannersville village, Greene County0***5***0***50***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County123***815**2,976*1,710*
Newburgh city, Orange County8***3,5643,211*2,188*
Port Jervis city, Orange County19***115***108***1,307*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County0***38***52***730***
Chester town, Orange County3***33***76***193***
Cornwall town, Orange County0***0***9***554**
Crawford town, Orange County0***5***16***372***
Deerpark town, Orange County15***0***128***783**
Goshen town, Orange County20***12***116***675**
Greenville town, Orange County0***2***4***292***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County0***25***0***85***
Highlands town, Orange County0***10***137***484**
Minisink town, Orange County3***0***3***120***
Monroe town, Orange County11***14***684***13,109
Montgomery town, Orange County0***162***308***999*
Mount Hope town, Orange County8***16***87***311**
New Windsor town, Orange County19***178***327***724**
Newburgh town, Orange County234***371***708***1,058*
Tuxedo town, Orange County0***0***3***73***
Wallkill town, Orange County104***254***486**1,052*
Warwick town, Orange County21***68***337***1,393*
Wawayanda town, Orange County42***4***126***389***
Woodbury town, Orange County3***0***4***529***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County3***0***62***70***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County0***0***0***236***
Florida village, Orange County0***48***0***87***
Goshen village, Orange County10***10***18***181***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County0***0***41***234***
Harriman village, Orange County0***0***18***37***
Highland Falls village, Orange County0***10***24***374***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County0***13***68***12,070
Maybrook village, Orange County0***14***0***198**
Monroe village, Orange County11***0***577***810***
Montgomery village, Orange County0***0***0***49***
Otisville village, Orange County0***16***0***93***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County0***9***34***144***
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County0***0***3***0***
Unionville village, Orange County0***0***0***41***
Walden village, Orange County0***148***308***393***
Warwick village, Orange County21***0***122***314***
Washingtonville village, Orange County0***26***15***278***
Woodbury village, Orange County3***0***4***529***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County231***17***151***1,060**
Kent town, Putnam County0***17***167***474***
Patterson town, Putnam County54***111***227**818**
Philipstown town, Putnam County8***51***137***605**
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County0***1***97***563***
Southeast town, Putnam County12***18***644**926**
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County0***0***345***266***
Cold Spring village, Putnam County2***0***38***133***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County0***2***1***19***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County6***113***118***481**
Callicoon town, Sullivan County0***0***51***357***
Cochecton town, Sullivan County0***0***35***141***
Delaware town, Sullivan County0***152***66***198**
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County66***512**397**1,695*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County0***0***12***54***
Fremont town, Sullivan County0***0***0***100***
Highland town, Sullivan County0***31***36***364***
Liberty town, Sullivan County8***193***372**1,213*
Lumberland town, Sullivan County0***0***82***439**
Mamakating town, Sullivan County0***15***182***950*
Neversink town, Sullivan County0***2***12***341**
Rockland town, Sullivan County0***0***57***607**
Thompson town, Sullivan County26***1,023**808**1,804*
Tusten town, Sullivan County0***13***0***153**
Sullivan School Districts
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County0***0***6***48***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County0***0***0***93***
Liberty village, Sullivan County0***122***192***391**
Monticello village, Sullivan County22***906**660**611**
Woodridge village, Sullivan County0***2***90***118**
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County0***7***0***103***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County31***602**931**2,873
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County0***0***0***83**
Esopus town, Ulster County6***55***34***612**
Gardiner town, Ulster County0***9***54***640***
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County0***0***0***15***
Hurley town, Ulster County0***1***33***252***
Kingston town, Ulster County0***0***0***74***
Lloyd town, Ulster County72***140***135***619**
Marbletown town, Ulster County0***3***0***285**
Marlborough town, Ulster County15***1***199***690**
New Paltz town, Ulster County112***112***229***2,359
Olive town, Ulster County0***76***0***481**
Plattekill town, Ulster County0***52***213***1,146**
Rochester town, Ulster County0***2***35***823**
Rosendale town, Ulster County0***31***27***347**
Saugerties town, Ulster County0***69***200***1,560*
Shandaken town, Ulster County0***12***29***277**
Shawangunk town, Ulster County116***240***385***2,033*
Ulster town, Ulster County28***18***240***1,207*
Wawarsing town, Ulster County111***237***454***1,716*
Woodstock town, Ulster County2***9***7***560*
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County33***166***358***539**
New Paltz village, Ulster County112***37***121***1,654*
Saugerties village, Ulster County0***0***130***541**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not shown where sample sizes were too small. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Decreasing
Population by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Household Types Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Maintaining
Tourism Revenue Maintaining
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Maintaining
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Maintaining
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Maintaining
Education Levels of Adults Increasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Maintaining
People Living in Poverty Maintaining
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Seniors Living in Poverty Increasing
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Increasing
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Maintaining
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Increasing
Households Receiving SNAP Maintaining
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Food Insecurity Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
Newly Diagnosed Cases of HIV Decreasing
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Maintaining
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Rent Increasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Population by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Maintaining
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Maintaining
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing